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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 21, 2022

Nano-engineered vitamins as a potential epigenetic modifier against environmental air pollutants

  • Pooja Ratre , Prachi Chauhan , Arpit Bhargava , Rajnarayan Tiwari , Suresh Thareja , Rupesh Kumar Srivastava and Pradyumna Kumar Mishra ORCID logo EMAIL logo


Air pollution has emerged as a serious threat to human health due to close association with spectrum of chronic ailments including cardiovascular disorders, respiratory diseases, nervous system dysfunctions, diabetes and cancer. Exposure to air-borne pollutants along with poor eating behaviours and inferior dietary quality irreversibly impacts epigenomic landscape, leading to aberrant transcriptional control of gene expression which is central to patho-physiology of non-communicable diseases. It is assumed that nutriepigenomic interventions such as vitamins can control such adverse effects through their immediate action on mitochondrial epigenomic-axis. Importantly, the exhaustive clinical utility of vitamins-interceded epigenetic synchronization is not well characterized. Therefore, improving the current limitations linked to stability and bioavailability issues in vitamin formulations is highly warranted. The present review not only sums up the available data on the role of vitamins as potential epigenetic modifiers but also discusses the importance of nano-engineered vitamins as potential epidrugs for dietary and pharmacological intervention to mitigate the long-term effects of air pollution toxicity.

Corresponding author: Prof. (Dr.) Pradyumna Kumar Mishra, MS, PhD, Fulbright-Nehru Fellow (USA), AIMF, FAMS, Scientist-F & Head, Department of Molecular Biology, ICMR-National Institute for Research in Environmental Health, Bypass Road, Bhauri, Bhopal (MP) - 462001, India, Mobile: +91 94799 83943, E-mail: .
Pooja Ratre, Prachi Chauhan and Arpit Bhargava contributed equally

Funding source: ICMR, Intra-mural funding support (PKM)

Award Identifier / Grant number: Unassigned


The authors are thankful to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Department of Health Research (DHR), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India, New Delhi (India) for necessary funding support to the laboratory of Professor Pradyumna Kumar Mishra.

  1. Research funding: This work was supported by ICMR, Intra-mural funding support (PKM).

  2. Author contributions: All authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this manuscript and approved its submission.

  3. Competing interests: Authors state no conflict of interest.

  4. Informed consent: Not Applicable.

  5. Ethical approval: Not Applicable.


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Received: 2022-02-09
Accepted: 2022-05-23
Published Online: 2022-06-21
Published in Print: 2023-09-26

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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