Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 5, 2014

MicroRNAs in central nervous system development

Néstor F. Díaz, Mónica S. Cruz-Reséndiz, Héctor Flores-Herrera, Guadalupe García-López and Anayansi Molina-Hernández

Abstract

During early and late embryo neurodevelopment, a large number of molecules work together in a spatial and temporal manner to ensure the adequate formation of an organism. Diverse signals participate in embryo patterning and organization synchronized by time and space. Among the molecules that are expressed in a temporal and spatial manner, and that are considered essential in several developmental processes, are the microRNAs (miRNAs). In this review, we highlight some important aspects of the biogenesis and function of miRNAs as well as their participation in ectoderm commitment and their role in central nervous system (CNS) development. Instead of giving an extensive list of miRNAs involved in these processes, we only mention those miRNAs that are the most studied during the development of the CNS as well as the most likely mRNA targets for each miRNA and its protein functions.


Corresponding author: Anayansi Molina-Hernández, Departamento de Biología Celular, Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, Montes Urales 800, Colonia Lomas de Virreyes, Miguel Hidalgo, CP 11000, México, e-mail: ;

Acknowledgments

The research of our group is supported by the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología and the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología. M.S. Cruz-Reséndiz received a Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología fellowship at the Programa de Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. We thank David Connolly and Adam Pixler for the language editing and correction.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Authors’ contributions: All authors participated in the preparation of the manuscript and read and approved the final manuscript.

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Received: 2014-2-17
Accepted: 2014-5-13
Published Online: 2014-6-5
Published in Print: 2014-10-1

©2014 by De Gruyter