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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 12, 2016

Imaging and machine learning techniques for diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease

Golrokh Mirzaei, Anahita Adeli and Hojjat Adeli

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a common health problem in elderly people. There has been considerable research toward the diagnosis and early detection of this disease in the past decade. The sensitivity of biomarkers and the accuracy of the detection techniques have been defined to be the key to an accurate diagnosis. This paper presents a state-of-the-art review of the research performed on the diagnosis of AD based on imaging and machine learning techniques. Different segmentation and machine learning techniques used for the diagnosis of AD are reviewed including thresholding, supervised and unsupervised learning, probabilistic techniques, Atlas-based approaches, and fusion of different image modalities. More recent and powerful classification techniques such as the enhanced probabilistic neural network of Ahmadlou and Adeli should be investigated with the goal of improving the diagnosis accuracy. A combination of different image modalities can help improve the diagnosis accuracy rate. Research is needed on the combination of modalities to discover multi-modal biomarkers.

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Received: 2016-5-5
Accepted: 2016-6-19
Published Online: 2016-8-12
Published in Print: 2016-12-1

©2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston