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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 5, 2018

Experimental models of focal and multifocal cerebral ischemia: a review

Kristy L. Meadows ORCID logo

Abstract

Rodent and rabbit stroke models have been instrumental in our current understanding of stroke pathophysiology; however, translational failure is a significant problem in preclinical ischemic stroke research today. There are a number of different focal cerebral ischemia models that vary in their utility, pathophysiology of causing disease, and their response to treatments. Unfortunately, despite active preclinical research using these models, treatment options for ischemic stroke have not significantly advanced since the food and drug administration approval of tissue plasminogen activator in 1996. This review aims to summarize current stroke therapies, the preclinical experimental models used to help develop stroke therapies, as well as their advantages and limitations. In addition, this review discusses the potential for naturally occurring canine ischemic stroke models to compliment current preclinical models and to help bridge the translational gap between small mammal models and human clinical trials.

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Dr. Robert Bridges and Dr. Sandra Ayres for their thoughtful comments on this manuscript. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

  1. Conflict of interest statement: The author has no conflicts of interest.

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Received: 2017-08-30
Accepted: 2017-11-26
Published Online: 2018-02-05
Published in Print: 2018-08-28

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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