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A review of the use of EEG connectivity to measure the neurological characteristics of the sensory features in young people with autism

Kimaya Sarmukadam, Christopher F. Sharpley, Vicki Bitsika, Mary M.E. McMillan and Linda L. Agnew

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition affecting about 1 in 100 children and is currently incurable. ASD represents a challenge to traditional methods of assessment and diagnosis, and it has been suggested that direct measures of brain activity and connectivity between brain regions during demanding tasks represents a potential pathway to building more accurate models of underlying brain function and ASD. One of the key behavioural diagnostic indicators of ASD consists of sensory features (SF), often characterised by over- or under-reactivity to environmental stimuli. SF are associated with behavioural difficulties that impede social and education success in these children as well as anxiety and depression. This review examines the previous literature on the measurement of EEG connectivity and SF observed in individuals with ASD.

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Received: 2018-07-02
Accepted: 2018-08-03
Published Online: 2018-10-01
Published in Print: 2019-07-26

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