Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 5, 2020

Nancy and the Idea of “Being-in-common”: An Alternative Existentiality for the Subjectivity

Efe Basturk
From the journal SATS

Abstract

The aim of this article is to look at the discussion of the singularity in Jean-Luc Nancy’s philosophy as a quest to imagine a new concept of a common existence that negates the differentiation between “I” and the “other.” In the age of subjectivity, the main indicator of existence is the “subjectivity” that differs from the contingency and perceives itself as a whole in its autonomous singularity. This singularity-centralized perception of existence causes the negation of the being of the otherness and its ethical being that is the core element of establishing the subjectivity. Nancy, one of the leading philosophers offering new approaches on ethical subjectivity, tries to reflect upon a new idea about community (which is called in Nancy’s philosophy “being-in-common”), where the subjects can open themselves to the otherness. This article aims to claim that the idea of “being-in-common” is the only ethical opportunity to overcome the crisis that results from the sense of existence reduced to subjectivity. In Nancy’s thought, the ethical possibility of being-in-common should be interiorized within the concept of a communist democracy. A communist democracy is an opening of the being to its perfectibility in which the otherness is ontologically placed within the idea of the community.


Corresponding author: Efe Basturk, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Fener Mah. Zihni Derin Yerleşkesi, 53100, Rize, Turkey, E-mail:

References

Armstrong, P. 2009. Reticulations: Jean-Luc Nancy and the Networks of the Political. London: University of Minnesota Press. Search in Google Scholar

Botwinick, A. 2014. Emmanuel Levinas and the Limits to Ethics: A Critique and a Re-Appropriation. London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Caygill, H. 1997. “The Shared World: Philosophy, Violence, Freedom”. In On Jean-Luc Nancy: The Sense of Philosophy, Darren Sheppard, Simon Sparks, edited by C. Thomas, 22–34. London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Chandler, D., Reid, J. 2016. The Neoliberal Subject: Resilience, Adaptation and Vulnerability, 9–17. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. Search in Google Scholar

Critchley, S. 1999. “With Being-With? Notes on Jean-Luc Nancy’s Rewriting of ‘Being and Time”. Studies in Practical Philosophy 1 (1): 53–67, https://doi.org/10.5840/studpracphil1999115. Search in Google Scholar

Dallery, A. B. and C. E. Scott.1989. The Question of the Other: Essays in Contemporary Continental Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press. Search in Google Scholar

Derrida, J. 2001. On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness. trans. M. Dooley and M. Hughes. London: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Derrida, J. 2005. On Touching, Jean-Luc Nancy. California: Stanford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Devisch, I. and Schrijvers, J. 2011. “Freeing Yourself towards Your Own Being-Free. Jean-Luc Nancy on the Metaphysics of Freedom”. South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (3): 267–81, https://doi.org/10.4314/sajpem.v30i3.69576. Search in Google Scholar

Devisch, I. 2013. Jean-Luc Nancy and the Question of Community. London: Bloomsbury. Search in Google Scholar

James, I. 2006. The Fragmentary Demand: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Jean-Luc Nancy. California: Stanford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Mason, A. 2000. Community, Solidarity and Belonging: Levels of Community and Their Normative Significance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

McQuillan, M. 2012. “Deconstruction and Globalization: The World According to Jean-Luc Nancy” In Jean-Luc Nancy and Plural Thinking Expositions of World, Ontology, Politics, and Sense, edited by P. Gratton and M. E. Morin, 57–79. Albany: State University of New York Press. Search in Google Scholar

Morin, M. E. 2015. “‘We Must Become What We Are’: Jean-Luc Nancy’s Ontology as Ethos and Praxis”. In Nancy and the Political, edited by S. Dejanovic, 21–43. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. and Strong, T. B. 1992. “La Comparution /The Compearance: From the Existence of “Communism” to the Community of “Existence”. Political Theory 20 (3): 371–98, https://doi.org/10.1177/0090591792020003001. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 1991. The Inoperative Community. trans. P. Conor, L. Garbus, M. Holland and S. Sawhey. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 1993. The Experience of Freedom, Trans. Peter Fenves. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 2000. Being Singular Plural. trans. R. D. Richardson. California: Stanford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 2003. Finite Thinking. Trans. ed. Simon Sparks. California: Stanford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 2007. The Creation of the World, or, Globalization. trans. F. Raffoul and D. Pettigrew. New York: State University of New York Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 2008. “The Being-With of being-There”. Continental Philosophy Review 41: 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11007-007-9071-4. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 2010. The Truth of Democracy. trans. P.-A. Brault and M. Naas. New York: Fordham University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nancy, J. L. 2017. Coming. trans. C. Mandell. New York: Fordham University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Rugo, D. 2013. Jean-Luc Nancy and the Thinking of Otherness: Philosophy and Powers of Existence. London: Bloomsbury. Search in Google Scholar

Schwarzmantel, J. 2007. “Community as Communication: Jean-Luc Nancy and ‘Being-In-Common”. Political Studies 55: 459–76, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2007.00625.x. Search in Google Scholar

Seong, S. H. 2018. Otherness and Ethics. Eugene: Wipf & Stock. Search in Google Scholar

Springer, S., Birch, K., MacLeavy, J. 2016. “Introduction”. In Handbook of Neoliberalism, edited by S. Springer, K. Birch, and J. MacLeavy, 1–15. New York: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2020-10-05
Published in Print: 2020-11-26

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston