Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton April 2, 2019

On the immediate and dynamical interpretants and objects of signs

  • Risto Hilpinen EMAIL logo
From the journal Semiotica


In his semiotic system Peirce distinguished between two interpretants and two objects of a sign: an immediate and a dynamical interpretant, and an immediate and a dynamical object. It is argued that Peirce’s immediate object can be interpreted a qua-object which has the dynamical object as its basis, and the dynamical interpretant consists of an interpreter’s conception of the object of the sign. Peirce semiotic system is compared with the accounts given by Frege, Husserl, Meinong, and the Stoics.


I wish to thank Ms Anneli Hilpinen for discussion, comments, and corrections.


Atkin, Albert. 2010. Peirce’s theory of signs. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. (accessed 11 February 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Beck, Allan. 1996. On reduplication: Logical theories of qualification. Leiden: E. J. Brill.10.1163/9789004451223Search in Google Scholar

Cavallin, Jens. 1997. Content and object: Husserl, Twardowski, and psychologism. Dordrecht: Kluwer.10.1007/978-94-017-1160-9Search in Google Scholar

Evans, Gareth. 1985 [1973]. The causal theory of names. In Gareth Evans (ed.), Collected papers, 1–24. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Search in Google Scholar

Findlay, J. N. 1995 [1963]. Meinong’s theory of objects and values, 2nd edn. Aldershot: Ashgate.Search in Google Scholar

Fine, Kit. 1982. Acts, events, and things. In W. Lenfellner, E. Kraemer & J. Schank (eds.), Language and ontology: Proceedings of the sixth international Wittgenstein symposium, 97–105. Vienna: Holder-Pichler-Tempsky.Search in Google Scholar

Frege, Gottlob. 1892. Über Sinn und Bedeutung. Zeitschrift für Philosophie und philosophische Kritik 100. 25–50.Search in Google Scholar

Frege, Gottlob. 1948 [1892]. On sense and reference, Max Black (trans.). Philosophical Review 57. 209–230.10.2307/2181485Search in Google Scholar

Goodman, Nelson. 1968. Languages of art: An approach to the theory of symbols. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.Search in Google Scholar

Hilpinen, Risto. 1990. Peirce, Goodman, and the aesthetic sign. Grazer Philosophische Studien 17. 177–184.10.1163/18756735-90000430Search in Google Scholar

Hilpinen, Risto. 1995. Peirce on language and reference. In Kenneth L. Ketner (ed.), Peirce and contemporary thought, 272–303. Bronx, NY: Fordham University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Hilpinen, Risto. 2004. On a pragmatic theory of meaning and knowledge. Cognitio 5. 150–167.Search in Google Scholar

Hilpinen, Risto. 2012. Types and tokens: On the identity and meaning of names and other words. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 48. 259–284.10.2979/trancharpeirsoc.48.3.259Search in Google Scholar

Hookway, Christopher. 1985. Peirce. London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Husserl, Edmund. 1979 [1896]. Besprechung von K. Twardowski, Zur Lehre vom Inhalt und Gegenstand der Vorstellungen. Eine psychologische Untersuchung. In Bernhard Rang (ed.), Aufsätze und Rezensionen (1890–1910) (Husserliana 22), 349–356. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.10.1007/978-94-009-9265-8_15Search in Google Scholar

Husserl, Edmund. 2001 [1913]. Logical investigations. Dermot Moran (ed.), J. N. Findlay (trans.). vol. 1. London: Routledge.10.4324/9780203420034Search in Google Scholar

Jacquette, Dale. 1995. Meinong’s concept of implexive being and nonbeing. Grazer Philosophische Studien 50. 233–271.10.1163/18756735-90000605Search in Google Scholar

Kaplan, David. 1990. Words. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 64. 93–119.10.1093/aristoteliansupp/64.1.93Search in Google Scholar

Lambert of Auxerre. 1988. Properties of terms. In Norman Kretzmann & Eleonore Stump (eds.), Logic and the philosophy of language (Cambridge translations of medieval philosophical texts 1), 102–162. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9781139171557.006Search in Google Scholar

Lewis, David. 2003. Things qua truthmakers. In H. Lillehammer & G. Rodriguez-Pereyra (eds.), Real metaphysics: Essays in honor of D. H. Mellor, 25–38. London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Marek, Johann Christian. 1990. Zwei Gegenstände und ein Inhalt. Zur Intentionalität bei Meinong. In R. Haller (ed.), Meinong und die Gegenstandstheorie (Grazer Philosophische Studien 50), 341–364. Amsterdam: Rodopi.10.5840/gps19955019Search in Google Scholar

Marek, Johann Christian. 2001. Meinong on psychological content. In L. Albertazzi, D. Jacquette & R. Poli (eds.), The school of Alexius Meinong, 261–286. Aldershot: Ashgate.10.4324/9781315237176-14Search in Google Scholar

Mates, Benson. 1961. Stoic logic. Berkeley: University of California Press.Search in Google Scholar

Meinong, Alexius. 1972 [1915]. Über Möglichkeit und Wahrscheinlichkeit. In R. M. Chisholm (ed.), Alexius Meinong, Gesamtausgabe, vol. 6. Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt.Search in Google Scholar

Peirce, Charles S. 1931–1966. The collected papers of Charles S. Peirce. vol. 8. C. Hartshorne, P. Weiss & A. W. Burks (eds.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press. [Reference to Peirce’s papers will be designated CP followed by volume and paragraph number.].Search in Google Scholar

Peirce, Charles S. 1967. Manuscripts in the Houghton Library of Harvard University, as identified by Richard Robin, Annotated catalogue of the Papers of Charles S. Peirce, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. [Reference to Peirce’s manuscripts will be designated MS or L.].Search in Google Scholar

Peirce, Charles S. 1998. Essential Peirce: Selected philosophical writings, vol. 2. 1893–1913. Peirce Edition Project (eds.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press. [Reference to vol. 2 of Essential Peirce will be designated EP 2.].Search in Google Scholar

Rollinger, R. D. 1999. Husserl’s position in the school of Brentano. Dordrecht: Kluwer.10.1007/978-94-017-1808-0Search in Google Scholar

Sajama, Seppo & Matti Kamppinen. 1987. A historical introduction to phenomenology. London: Croom Helm.Search in Google Scholar

Short, Thomas. 2007. Peirce’s theory of signs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511498350Search in Google Scholar

Sierszulska, Anna. 2005. Meinong on meaning and truth. Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag.10.1515/9783110325669Search in Google Scholar

Simons, Peter. 1990. Meinong’s theory of sense and reference. In R. Haller (ed.), Meinong und die Gegenstandstheorie (Grazer Philosophische Studien 50), 171–186. Amsterdam: Rodopi.10.5840/gps19955010Search in Google Scholar

Smith, David W. & McIntyre. Ronald. 1982. Husserl and intentionality. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.10.1007/978-94-010-9383-5Search in Google Scholar

Twardowski, Kasimir. 1977 [1894]. On the content and object of presentations. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.10.1007/978-94-010-1050-4Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2019-04-02
Published in Print: 2019-05-07

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 4.3.2024 from
Scroll to top button