Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (A) September 13, 2017

Information structuring of dialogic pairs from a cross-linguistic perspective

Evidence from some European and Asian languages

M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest, Marri Amon, Karl-Erland Gadelii, Victor Junnan Pan, Jirasak Achariyayos and Danh-Thàn Do-Hurinville

Abstract

Starting from a critical evaluation of the Question-Answer (Q-A) test that has been used by many theoreticians for establishing the linguistic category of Rheme/Focus, this collective chapter, a by-product of our larger CNRS-project about Information Structuring and Typology (ISTY) introduces a methodology based on a Minimal Communicative Utterance (MCU – often an Answer) and its extensions – Binary Strategy 1 (Theme-Rheme) and Binary Strategy 2 (Rheme-Mneme) as dialogic information structuring (IS) constructions. Section 2 reviews the presentation of Polar and Referent Qs and their Answers in the grammars of several European languages – Finno-Ugric (Estonian, Finnish, Sami) and Indo-European (French, Swedish) – and emphasizes the necessity to take into account discourse typology. Section 3 investigates the formal and semantic correlations of Q-A pairs taken from authentic corpora in various dialogue situations (orally transmitted Northern Sami and its recent written variants, Estonian conversations, French political debates). Section 4 is dedicated to a survey of Qs and As in three Southeast-Asian languages (Mandarin Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese), and a comparison of discourse particles as IS devices in the two groups of languages. The general conclusion suggests new approaches to some unsolved research questions (prosody, “theme-prominence”, interaction of syntax and IS structures).


40

This article has been coordinated by M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest, responsible for the analysis of Finnish, French and Sami data. The comparative sections have been discussed with Marri Amon and Karl-Erland Gadelii, responsible for the analysis of Estonian and Swedish data respectively. Victor Junnan Pan, responsible for the analysis of Mandarin Chinese data, has coordinated the Asian section, in collaboration with Jirasak Achariyayos and Danh Thành Do-Hurinville for the Thai and Vietnamese data.


References

Achariyayos, Jirasak. 2010. Discourse particles in the information structure of Thai – Les particules énonciatives dans la structuration informationnelle du thai. Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium Information Structure and Typology (ISTY I), Information Grammar and Typology, Paris, March 25–27.Search in Google Scholar

Achariyayos, Jirasak. 2012. Discourse particles and information structuring in Thai: particle case. Paper presented at the VIth International Workshop Information Structure and Typology (ISTY VI), Information Structure and Dialogue, Paris, June 2, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

Amon, Marri. 2009. Les détachements finaux en estonien oral: Productivité et fonctionnement. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Dhanh Thành Do-Hurinville (eds.), Plurilinguisme et traduction, des enjeux pour l’Europe – Multilingualism and translation, challenges for Europe, 151–164. Paris: L’Harmattan.Search in Google Scholar

Amon, Marri. 2012. Initial detachments in spoken Estonian: Insertion of longer thematic elements in discourse. Paper presented at the International Workshop Detachment constructions [dislocations] and typology in languages of Europe and beyond, convenors M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Ricardo Etxepare, 45th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea (SLE 2012), Stockholm, 28 August–2 September.Search in Google Scholar

Amon, Marri. 2015. Initial and final detachments in spoken Estonian: A study in the framework of Information Structuring. (Dissertationes Linguisticae Universitatis Tartuensis 24). Tartu: University of Tartu Press.Search in Google Scholar

André-Laroche-Bouvy, Danielle. 1984. La conversation quotidienne. Paris: Didier-Crédif.Search in Google Scholar

Bergsland, Knut. 1994. Sydsamisk grammatikk. Kárášjohka: Davvi Girji.Search in Google Scholar

Blanche-Benveniste, Claire. 1990. Le français parlé. Etudes grammaticales. Paris: Editions du CNRS.Search in Google Scholar

Blanche-Benveniste, Claire. 2010. Le français. Usages de la langue parlée. Avec la collaboration de Philippe Martin pour l’étude de la prosodie. Leuven/Paris: Peeters.Search in Google Scholar

Blanche-Benveniste, Claire, José Deulofeu, Jean Stéfanini & Karel van den Eynde. 1984. Pronom et syntaxe. L’approche pronominale et son application au français. Paris: SELAF.Search in Google Scholar

Borillo, Andrée. 1978. Structure et valeur énonciative de l’interrogation totale en français. Thèse d’Etat. Université d’Aix-en-Provence.Search in Google Scholar

Chafe, Wallace L. 1976. Givenness, contrastiveness, definiteness, subjects, topics and points of view. In Charles N. Li (ed.), Subject and topic, 25–55. New York: Academic Press.Search in Google Scholar

Combettes, Bernard. 1998. Les constructions détachées en français contemporain. Paris/Gap: Ophrys.Search in Google Scholar

Cornulier, Benoit de. 1982. Sur le sens des questions totales et alternatives. Langages 67. 55–109.10.3406/lgge.1982.1971Search in Google Scholar

Daneš, Frantisek. 1964. A three-level approach to syntax. Travaux linguistiques de Prague 1. 225–240.Search in Google Scholar

Daneš, Frantisek. 1974. Functional sentence perspective and the organization of the text. In Frantisek Daneš (ed.), Papers in functional sentence perspective, 106–128. Prague: Academia.10.1515/9783111676524.106Search in Google Scholar

Diep, Quang Ban. 2005. Ngữ pháp tiếng Việt. [Grammaire vietnamienne]. Vietnam: NXB GD.Search in Google Scholar

Dik, Simon C. 1997 [1989]. The theory of functional grammar, Part 1: The structure of the clause. The theory of functional grammar, Part 2: Complex and derived constructions. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110218374Search in Google Scholar

Dik, Simon C. 2009. Étude du topicaliseur Thì en vietnamien. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 103(1). 411–443.10.2143/BSL.104.1.2046997Search in Google Scholar

Do-Hurinville, Dhành Thanh. 2009. Étude du topicaliseur Thì en vietnamien. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 103(1). 411–443.10.2143/BSL.104.1.2046997Search in Google Scholar

Do-Hurinville, Dhanh Thành. 2011a. Focus particles in Vietnamese. Paper presented at the International Workshop Information Structure and Spoken Language: Cross-Linguistic Comparative Studies, convenors M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Robert D. Van Valin, Jr Linguistic Society of America, Linguistic Institute 2011 (LSA 2011), Boulder, Colorado, 9–10 July 2011.Search in Google Scholar

Do-Hurinville, Dhanh Thành. 2011b. Three main types of questions in Vietnamese and their answers. Paper presented at the 2nd Workshop Information Structuring – Questions and Answers, Tartu University, 22–23 September 2011.Search in Google Scholar

Druetta, Ruggero. 2009. La question en français parlé: étude distributionnelle. Torino: Trauben Edizioni.Search in Google Scholar

Dryer, Matthew S. 2013a. Polar questions. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Available online at http://wals.info/chapter/116 accessed on 15 April 2015.Search in Google Scholar

Dryer, Matthew S. 2013b. Position of polar question particles. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Available online at http://wals.info/chapter/92 accessed on 21 February 2016.Search in Google Scholar

Enkvist, Nils-Erik. 1975. Tekstilingvistiikan peruskäsitteitä. Helsinki: Gaudeamus.Search in Google Scholar

EKG=Erelt, Mati, Reet Kasik, Helle Metslang, Henno Rajandi, Kristiina Ross, Henn Saari, Kaja Tael & Silvi Vare. 1993. Eesti keele grammatika II. Süntaks. Lisa : Kiri. [Grammar of the Estonian language. II. Syntax. Appendix: writing]. Tallinn: Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia Keele ja Kirjanduse Instituut.Search in Google Scholar

Erelt, Mati & Helle Metslang. 2006. Estonian clause patterns – from Finno-Ugric to SAE. Linguistica Uralica 4. 254–266.10.3176/lu.2006.4.02Search in Google Scholar

Erguvanli, Eser. 1984. The function of word order in Turkish grammar. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.Search in Google Scholar

Erteschik-Shir, Nomi. 2007. Information structure. The syntax-discourse interface. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 1984. Discours contrastif, oralité, plurilinguisme: l’espace communicatif same, finnois, suédois (en Finlande). Thèse pour le Doctorat d’Etat ès Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université René Descartes (Paris V).Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 1987 [1984]. La Finlande trilingue. 1. Le discours des Sames. Oralité, contrastes, énonciation. Préface de Claude Hagège. Paris: Didier Erudition.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 1994. Les particules énonciatives dans la construction du discours. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 1995. Morphogenèse orale du sens: De l’espace des langues aux objets de discours. Intellectica 20(1). 7–53.10.3406/intel.1995.1473Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 1999. La négation dans le discours same – Vers une sémantique cognitive de l’oral. Mémoires de la Société de Linguistique de Paris, Nouvelle série, Tome 4: La négation – une ou multiple? 75–96.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2004. Mnémème, antitopic – Le post-rhème, de l‘énoncé au texte. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Shirley Carter-Thomas (eds.), Structure informationnelle et particules enonciatives – essai de typologie, 65–104. Paris: Editions L’Harmattan.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2005. Information structure and typological change: Northern Sami challenged by Indo-European models. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest (dir.), Les langues ouraliennes aujourd’hui. Approches linguistiques et cognitives – The Uralic languages today. A linguistic and cognitive approach, 563–576. Paris: Ed. Honoré Champion.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2006. Vers une typologie linguistique du détachement à fondement ouralien d’Europe. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris (BSL) 101(1). 173–224.10.2143/BSL.101.1.2019826Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2007a. Structure Informationnelle et genre discursif: Décrire un itinéraire piéton en français. In Jeanne-Marie Barbéris & Maria Caterina Manes-Gallo (eds.), Parcours dans la ville. Description d’itinéraires piétons, 188–210. Paris: Editions L’Harmattan.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2007b. Word order in context: Information structure, a revolutionary approach to Uralic typology?. In Márta Csepregi & Virpi Masonen (eds.), Grammatika és kontextus új szempontok az uráli nyelvek kutatásábán. Grammar and context – new approaches to the Uralic languages, 88–100. Budapest: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Finnugor Tanszék. 2004 április 4–7. Budapest: Urálisztikai tanulmányok 17.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2009a. Vers une typologie informationnelle des constructions à détachement. In Denis Apothéloz, Bernard Combettes & Franck Neveu (eds.), Les linguistiques du détachement. Actes du Colloque International de Nancy (7–9 juin 2006), 251–262. Bern/Berlin: Peter Lang.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2009b. Typological evolution of Northern Sami: Spatial cognition and information structuring. In Jussi Ylikoski (ed.), The quasquicentennial of the Finno-Ugrian Society, 33–55. Helsinki: Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne – Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Toimituksia.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2012. SAMI. An introduction to the language and culture, with a Sami-English-Sami lexicon. Helsinki: Finn Lectura.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2015a. Detachments for cohesion – Toward an information grammar of oral languages. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110349535Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2015b. Detachment linguistics and information grammar of oral languages. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Robert D. Van Valin, Jr (eds.), Information structuring of spoken language from a cross-linguistic perspective, 7–32. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110368758-002Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne. 2015c. Ecology of Northern Sami: Its typological evolution from oral to written language. Nordiques 43.Search in Google Scholar

Fernandez-Vest, M.M.Jocelyne & Tiiu Grünthal-Robert. 2004. Typologie de l’ordre des mots (ORM) dans l’interaction simulée: Essai sur le dialogue de théâtre estonien, finnois, français. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Karl Pajusalu (eds.), Grammar and interaction. Linguistica Uralica (4), 40–59.Search in Google Scholar

Feuillet, Jack. 1994. Typologie de l’interrogation globale. Travaux linguistiques du CERLICO 7. 7–33.Search in Google Scholar

Fónagy, Ivan & Judith Fónagy. 1983. L’intonation et l’organisation du discours. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 78(1). 161–208.Search in Google Scholar

Frei, Henri. 1968. Réponse partielle et réponse totale. Cahiers Ferdinand de Saussure 24. 445–459.Search in Google Scholar

Fuchs, Catherine. 1981. Les problématiques énonciatives: Esquisse d’une présentation historique et critique. Dans le champ pragmatico-énonciatif, DRLAV 25. 35–60.10.3406/drlav.1981.970Search in Google Scholar

Gadelii, Karl-Erland. 2011. Le schéma positionnel dans l’analyse des langues scandinaves, Note de synthèse 1 présentée en vue de l’obtention de l’Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, Université Paris-Sorbonne.Search in Google Scholar

Grünthal, Riho. 2000. Typological characteristics of the Finnic laguages: A reappraisal. In Johanna Laakso (ed.), Facing Finnic, 31–63. Helsinki: Finno-Ugrian Society – Department of Finno-Ugrian Studies of the University of Helsinki.Search in Google Scholar

Gundel, Jeanette K. 1974. The role of topic and comment in linguistic theory. University of Texas, Austin: Doctoral dissertation.Search in Google Scholar

Hagège, Claude. 1978. Du thème au thème en passant par le sujet: Pour une théorie cyclique. La linguistique 14(2). 3–38.Search in Google Scholar

Hagège, Claude. 1982. La structure des langues. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Search in Google Scholar

Hagège, Claude. 1986 [1985]. L’Homme de paroles. Paris: Fayard.Search in Google Scholar

Hakulinen, Auli. 1975. Suomen sitä: Pragmatiikan heijastuma syntaksissa. [Finnish sitä: The reflection of pragmatics in syntax]. Sananjalka 17. 25–41.10.30673/sja.86392Search in Google Scholar

Hakulinen, Auli. 2001. Minimal and non-minimal answers to yes-no questions. Pragmatics 11(1). 1–15.10.1075/prag.11.1.01hakSearch in Google Scholar

Hakulinen, Auli & Fred Karlsson. 1979. Nykysuomen lauseoppia. [Syntax of Modern Finnish]. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura (SKST 350).Search in Google Scholar

ISK=Hakulinen, Auli, Maria Vilkuna, Riitta Korhonen, Vesa Koivisto, Tarja Riitta Heinonen & Irja Alho. 2004. Iso suomen kielioppi. [A comprehensive grammar of Finnish]. 2004. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura.Search in Google Scholar

Halliday, Michael A. K. 1967–68. Notes on transitivity and theme in English. Journal of Linguistics 3(1). 37–81, 3(2). 199–244, 4(2). 179–215.10.1017/S0022226700012949Search in Google Scholar

Helasvuo, Marja-Liisa. 2001. Emerging syntax for interaction. Noun phrases and clauses as a syntactic resource for interaction. In Magret Selting & Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen (eds.), Studies in interactional linguistics, 25–50. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.10.1075/sidag.10.04helSearch in Google Scholar

Hennoste, Tiit, Andriela Rääbis & Kirsi Laanesoo. 2013. Küsimused eestikeelses infodialoogis II: Küsimused ja tegevused. [Questions in Estonian institutional information-seeking dialogues II. Questions and social actions]. Keel ja Kirjandus 1. 7–28.10.54013/kk662a2Search in Google Scholar

Hergé, (Georges Prosper Rémi). 1976. Tintin et les Picaros (Les Aventures de Tintin 23. English translation 1980). Tournai: Casterman.Search in Google Scholar

Iggesen, Oliver A. 2013. Number of cases. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Available online at http://wals.info/chapter/49 (accessed on 21 February 2016).Search in Google Scholar

Iwasaki, Shoichi & Preeya Ingkaphirom. 2005. A reference grammar Of Thai. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Karlsson, Fred. 1978. Nominaalilausekkeen tematiikka ja eksistentiaalilauseiden ongelma. In Alho Alhoniemi & Jussi Kallio (eds.), Raketenteita. Juhlakirja Osmo Ikolan 60-vuotispäiväksi 6.2.1978. [Constructions. Festschrift to Osmo Ikola on his 60th birthday 6.2.1978], 293–305. Turku: University of Turku Press.Search in Google Scholar

Korhonen, Mikko. 1981. Johdatus lapin kielen historian. [Introduction to the history of the Lappish language]. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura (SKST 370).Search in Google Scholar

Kuno, Susumu. 1973. The structure of the Japanese language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Search in Google Scholar

Lambrecht, Knud. 1981. Topic, anti-topic, and verb agreement in non standard French. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.10.1075/pb.ii.6Search in Google Scholar

Lambrecht, Knud. 1994. Information structure and sentence form. Topic, focus and the mental representations of discourse referents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511620607Search in Google Scholar

Lambrecht, Knud. 2001. Chap. 80. Dislocation. In Martin Haspelmath, Ekkehard König, Wulf Oesterreicher & Wolfgang Raible (eds.), Language typology and language universals. An international handbook, vol. 2, 1050–1078. Berlin/New-York: Walter de Gruyter.Search in Google Scholar

Li, Charles N. & Sandra A. Thompson. 1976. Subject and topic: A new typology of language. In Charles N. Li (ed.), Subject and topic, 457–490. New York: Academic Press.Search in Google Scholar

Lindström, Liina. 2001. Grammaticalization of või/vä questions in Estonian. In Ilona Tragel (ed.), Papers in Estonian cognitive linguistics, 90–118. Tartu: Tartu University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Matić, Dejan & Daniel Wedgwood. 2013. The meaning of focus: The significance of an interpretation-based category in cross-linguistic analysis. Journal of Linguistics 49. 127–163.10.1017/S0022226712000345Search in Google Scholar

Metslang, Helle. 1981. Küsilause eesti keeles. [Interrogative sentence in Estonian]. Tallinn: Valgus.Search in Google Scholar

Metslang, Helle. 2009a. The pitfalls of a language: Estonian as L2. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Danh Thành Do-Hurinville (eds.), Plurilinguisme et traduction, des enjeux pour l’Europe – Multilingualism and translation, challenges for Europe, 119–134. Paris: Ed. L’Harmattan.Search in Google Scholar

Metslang, Helle. 2009b. Estonian grammar between Finnic and SAE: Some comparisons. Language Typology and Universals. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 62(1/2). 49–71.10.1524/stuf.2009.0004Search in Google Scholar

Metslang, Helle & Siiri Soidro (eds.) 2006. Lähivertailuja 16. Tallinn: Tallinna Ülikool.Search in Google Scholar

Miestamo, Matti. 2011. Polar interrogatives in Uralic languages. A typological perspective. Linguistica Uralica 17(1). 1–21.10.3176/lu.2011.1.01Search in Google Scholar

Miller, Jim & M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest. 2006. Spoken and written language. In Giuliano Bernini & Marcia L. Schwartz (eds.), Pragmatic organization in languages of Europe, 9–64. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Search in Google Scholar

Miller, Jim & Regina Weinert. 2009 [1998]. Spontaneous spoken language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Moshnikoff, Satu & Erkki Koponen. 2009. Koltansaamen koulukielioppi. Inari: Saamelaiskäräjät.Search in Google Scholar

Nickel, Klaus P. 1990. Samisk grammatikk. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.Search in Google Scholar

Nickel, Klaus P. 1994 [1980]. Samisk grammatikk. Kautokeino: Samisk utdanningsråd.Search in Google Scholar

Nickel, Klaus P. & Pekka Sammallahti. 2011. Nordsamisk grammatikk. Kárášjohka: Davvi girji.Search in Google Scholar

Nielsen, Konrad. 1979 [1926]. Laerebok i lappisk (samisk) utarbeidet på grunnlag av dialektenen i Polmak, Karasjok og Kautokeino. [Handbook of Lappish (Sami) language based on the dialects of Polmak, Karasjok and Kautokeino], I–III Oslo: A.W. Brøgger.Search in Google Scholar

Pan, Victor Junnan. 2011. Interrogatives et quantification en chinois mandarin: Une approche générative. Rennes: Presses Universtaires de Rennes.Search in Google Scholar

Pan, Victor Junnan. 2014. Wh-ex-situ in Chinese: Mapping between information structure and split CP. Linguistic Analysis 39(3/4). 371–413.Search in Google Scholar

Pan, Victor Junnan. 2015. Syntactic and prosodic marking of contrastiveness in Oral Mandarin. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Robert D. Van Valin, Jr (eds.), Information structuring of spoken language from a cross-linguistic perspective, 191–209. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110368758-010Search in Google Scholar

Peirce, Charles Sanders. 1978 [1934]. Écrits sur le signe, rassemblés, traduits et commentés par Deledalle, Gérard. Paris: Seuil.Search in Google Scholar

Pinchon, Jacqueline. 1967. Les procédés interrogatifs. Le français dans le monde 49. 47–49.Search in Google Scholar

Platzack, Christer. 2011. Den fantastiska grammatiken. En minimalistisk beskrivning av svenskan. [Fantastic grammar. A minimalist account of Swedish]. Stockholm: Norstedts.Search in Google Scholar

Resdagboken [Travellers Blog], http://www.resdagboken.se/m/Clemensson/au-pair-pa-manhattan-349103/fotoalbum/15474569/sort1/Search in Google Scholar

SAG=Ulf Teleman, Hellberg Staffan & Erik Andersson (eds.). 1999. Svenska Akademiens Grammatik. [Grammar of the Swedish Academy]. Vols I–IV. Stockholm: Norstedts.Search in Google Scholar

Sahkai, Heete. 2015. Demonstratives and information structure in spoken Estonian. In M.M.Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest & Robert D. Van Valin, Jr (eds.), Information structuring of spoken language from a cross-linguistic perspective. Berlin/Munich/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110368758-011Search in Google Scholar

Sauvageot, Aurélien. 1949. Esquisse de la langue finnoise. Paris: Klincksieck.Search in Google Scholar

Schlyter, Birgitta. 1957. Les types interrogatifs en français moderne. Moderna Språk 51. 99–115.Search in Google Scholar

Siemund, Peter. 2001. Interrogative constructions. In Martin Haspelmath, Ekkehard König, Wulf Oesterreicher & Wolfgang Raible (eds.), Language typology and language universals: An international handbook, vol. 2, 1010–1028. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter.Search in Google Scholar

Sorjonen, Marja-Liisa. 2001. Responding in conversation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.10.1075/pbns.70Search in Google Scholar

Stivers, Tanya & Nick J. Enfield. 2010. A coding scheme for question-response sequences in conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 42(10). 2620−2626.10.1016/j.pragma.2010.04.002Search in Google Scholar

Tauli, Valter. 1966. Structural tendencies in Uralic languages. London/The Hague/Paris: Mouton.Search in Google Scholar

Vallduví, Enric. 1992. The informational component. New York: Garland.Search in Google Scholar

Van Valin, Robert D., Jr. 2005. Exploring the syntax-semantics interface. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511610578Search in Google Scholar

Van Valin, Robert D., Jr & Randy LaPolla. 1997. Syntax: Structure, meaning and function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9781139166799Search in Google Scholar

Vilkuna, Maria. 1989. Free word order in Finnish: Its syntax and discourse functions. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura (SKST 500).Search in Google Scholar

Vilkuna, Maria. 1998. Word order in European Uralic. In Anna Siewierska (ed.), Constituent order in the languages of Europe, 173–234. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110812206.173Search in Google Scholar

Wunderli, Peter. 1984. L’intonation des questions sans marque segmentale. Travaux de linguistique et de littérature 22(1). 203–250.Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2017-9-13
Published in Print: 2017-9-26

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston