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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (A) March 22, 2018

How to copy your neighbors’ ways: A cross-generational perspective on nominalizations in Tariana

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Abstract

Tariana, an endangered Arawak language of north-western Amazonia (Brazil), has a number of strategies for nominalizing verbs. These include noun classifiers as word-class changing derivational markers, in addition a number of nominalizing suffixes. Nominalizations are a subclass of nouns, with their own set of special properties. As a consequence of areal diffusion from the neighboring and unrelated East-Tucanoan languages, Tariana nominalizations come to be used as complementation and relativization strategies. This is especially so for innovative speakers of Tariana who use Tucano on a daily basis, and whose language bears a strong imprint of Tucano, the main language of the region.

Abbreviations

1, 2, 3

first, second, third person

arg.man

argument manipulating derivation

art

article

art.nf

article non-feminine

aug

augmentative

caus

causative

cl

classifier

cl:anim

classifier animate

coll

collective

compl

complementizer

decl

declarative

dem.anim

demonstrative animate

dem.inan

demonstrative inanimate

dim

diminutive

exist

existential

fut

future

fut.cert

future certain

fut.part

future participle

imp

impersonal

inan

inanimate

indef

indefinite

loc

locative

nom

nominalization

nom.act

action nominalization

nom.fut

future nominalization

nom.gen.loc

general locative nominalization

nom.loc

locative nominalization

nom.past

nominal past

nom.process

process nominalization

nom.res

result nominalization

nonpast

non-past

non.vis.pres

nonvisual present

nonthird

nonthird person

obj

object

past

past

perf

perfective

pl

plural

pl:anim

animate plural

poss

possessive marker

pres.nonvis

present nonvisual

pres.vis

present visual

rec

reciprocal

rel

relativizing prefix

rem.p.rep

remote past reported

rem.p.vis

remote past visual

sg

singular

sgnf

singular non-feminine

top.non.a/s

topical non-subject

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Published Online: 2018-3-22
Published in Print: 2018-3-26

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