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Nominalization patterns in Alto Perené, a Kampa Arawak language of Peru

Elena Mihas EMAIL logo

Abstract

The paper investigates the inventory of nominalizing forms and examines restrictions on the morphosyntactic behavior of lexical and clausal nominalizations in Alto Perené (also called Ashéninka Perené), a Kampa Arawak language of Peru. It is shown that the deverbalization of lexical nominalizations is basically total. The substantivization cline of lexical nominalizations is characterized by various degrees of acquisition of nominal properties. Clausal nominalizations are found to retain aspect and realis marking and preserve argument structure. Clausal realis nominalizations display a variety of nominal characteristics such as spatial case, nominal plural number, and definiteness marking. Clausal irrealis nominalizations show highly restricted nominal properties. The relativization strategy is formed with the help of the participant nominalizers -ri and -ni.

Acknowledgments

I acknowledge with gratitude the collaboration of Alto Perené speakers in this research project. I thank the National Science Foundation (DDIG 0901196), Hans Rousing Endangered Languages Project (SG0002), the Firebird Foundation for Anthropological Research, Jacobs Research Funds, James Cook University (Faculty Grants 2013 and 2015), and the Language and Culture Research Centre of James Cook University (through the Australian Laureate Fellowship awarded to Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald by the Australian Research Council) for fieldwork support.

Abbreviations

1, 2, 3

first, second, third person

a

subject of transitive verb

add

additive

adv

adverbial

apl

applicative

caus

causative

caus.ind

indirect causative

cc

copula complement

cond

conditional

conn

connective

cop

copula

cs

copula subject

cust

customary

dem

demonstrative

dim

diminutive

dir

directional

distr

distributive

ep

epenthetic

exh

exhaustive

exist

existential

foc

focus

frus

frustrative

gen

generalized

hab

habitual

inst

instrument

intns

intensifier

irr

irrealis

loc

spatial case

m

masculine

ncontr

non-contrastive

neg

negative

nm

non-masculine

nmz

nominalizer

nom

nominal

o

object of transitive verb

obl

oblique

opt

optative

pfv

perfective

pl

plural

poss

possessive

pp

positive polarity

prog

progressive

prosp

prospective

real

realis

reas

reason

rel

relativizer

s

subject of intransitive verb

semel.f

semelfactive

sg

singular

soc

sociative

stat

stative

term

terminative

top

topical

v

verb

vcc

verbless clause complement

vcs

verbless clause subject

wh

interrogative word

unsp

unspecified possessor

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Published Online: 2018-3-22
Published in Print: 2018-3-26

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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