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From verb to noun and back again: Non-referential uses of nominalizations in Aguaruna (Chicham)

Simon E. Overall

Abstract

The paper describes the reanalysis of deverbal nominalizations as verbal forms, allowing them to function as predicates of finite and dependent clauses. The paper questions how the reanalyzed forms mark verbal grammatical categories, and data is presented to show that verbal morphology may be marked on a copula, or in some cases directly marked on the nominalization, clearly showing that reanalysis has taken place. The paper also questions what happens to nominal morphology associated with a reanalyzed nominalization, and shows that this too can be reanalyzed and become functionally part of the verbal switch-reference system.

Abbreviations

1, 2, 3

first, second, third person

:

separates the meanings in a portmanteau

+

separates morphemes marked with identifiable non-segmental phonological process e.g. nasalization

role>role

role in marked clause>role in controlling clause

abl

ablative

acc

accusative

act.nmlz

action nominalizer

add

additive

ana

anaphoric pronoun

applic

applicative

caus

causative

comit

comitative

cond

conditional

cop

copula

decl

declarative

ds

different subject

ideo

ideophone

intent

intentional

ipfv

imperfective

loc

locative

narr

narrative

nmlz

nominalizer

nsbj

non-subject

obj

object

pfv

perfective

pl

plural

pn

proper noun

pot

potential

prox

proximal demonstrative

pssd

possessed form of noun

rem.pst

remote past

sbj

subject

sg

singular

sim

simultaneous

Sp.

Spanish

ss

same subject

top

topic

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Published Online: 2018-3-22
Published in Print: 2018-3-26

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston