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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (A) March 22, 2018

A cline between nouns and verbs: Nominalizations in Shiwiar (Chicham)

Martin Kohlberger

Abstract

Deverbal nominalizations are often said to occupy an intermediate position between nouns and verbs. Here I describe the morphological, syntactic, and semantic properties of three deverbal nominalization strategies in Shiwiar, a Chicham language of Ecuador and Peru. Although nouns and verbs in Shiwiar are clearly distinguished in the grammar, deverbal nominalizations display a combination of both nominal and verbal traits. Furthermore, the three nominalizations types discussed here each have different proportions of noun-like and verb-like characteristics, thereby forming a gradient cline between the two major word classes.

Acknowledgments

I am grateful to Simon Overall and Kasia Wojtylak for inviting me to the workshop where the first version of this paper was presented, as well as to Marianne Mithun, Bernard Comrie, Willem Adelaar and Sasha Aikhenvald for their insightful and helpful comments. I also benefitted from the feedback I received at the 11th HDLS, the 48th SLE and the 9th TWIST conferences. Finally, I am thankful to an anonymous reviewer. All errors are mine.

Abbreviations

1, 2, 3

first, second, third person

acc

accusative

add

additive

ag.nmlz

agentive nominalization

as.nmlz

action/state nominalization

appl

applicative

conc

concessive

cond

conditional

cop

copula

d.pst

distant past

decl

declarative

dim

diminutive

ds

different subject

fut

future

gen

genitive

ifut

immediate future

imp

imperative

indf.obj

indefinite human object

ins

instrumental

ipfv

imperfective

loc

locative

neg

negative

nmlz

nominalization

ns.nmlz

non-subject nominalization

obj

object

pfv

perfective

pl

plural

poss

possessive

prox

proximal

pst

past

refl

reflexive

restr

restrictive

sap

speech act participant

sbd

subordinator

sg

singular

sim

simultaneous

ss

same subject

top

topic

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Published Online: 2018-3-22
Published in Print: 2018-3-26

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston