Based on studies of the flow structure in a short cylindrical vortex chamber, the dependence of the flow rate coefficient on its geometric parameters is proposed. It is shown that the liquid flow form in the chamber’s axial vortex the pressure on which surface is corresponds to the pressure of the outflow cavity. These results are used to measure pressure in high-temperature cavities, using a sleeve with a diameter equal to or slightly larger than the diameter of the axial vortex. The sleeve is installed in the vortex chamber, and connects the pressure on its surface to the pressure sensor. The possibility of using a vortex chamber as a damper of pressure fluctuations has been substantiated. The design of the vortex damper and its tests results are presented; these show the possibility of increasing the stabilization time of the outlet pressure more than three-fold. Variants of regulating devices with a vortex chamber, functioning without changing the flow cross-sections, are proposed and the results of their tests are presented. This is achieved either by introducing an obstacle into the chamber cavity or by displacing the axis of the outlet nozzle position.
Author contributions: The author has accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.
Research funding: None declared.
Conflict of interest statement: The author declares no conflicts of interest regarding this article.
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