Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton March 29, 2019

Inchoatives in causative clothing

Change of state in Modern Hebrew heXYiZ

Itamar Kastner
From the journal The Linguistic Review

Abstract

The “causative” template heXYiZ in Hebrew is the morphological form of verbs which are usually transitive. I discuss cases in which specific roots give rise to the labile alternation, otherwise unattested in the language. A straightforward analysis is suggested for the majority of cases, based on causative Voice[+D]. This analysis is then extended to account for the labile exceptions, which inform how the idiosyncratic meaning of roots influences syntactic computation.

Acknowledgements

This paper is based on parts of Chapter 2 of my 2016 NYU dissertation; I am grateful to everyone who took the time to provide feedback on that work. More recently, thanks to audiences at the HU and to Odelia Ahdout for discussion, and to two reviewers for helpful critiques. This work was also supported by AL 554/8-1 (DFG Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Preis 2014 to Artemis Alexiadou).

References

Alexiadou, Artemis & Elena Anagnostopoulou. 2004. Voice morphology in the causative- inchoative alternation: Evidence for a non-unified structural analysis of unaccusatives. In Artemis Alexiadou, Elena Anagnostopoulou & Martin Everaert (eds.), The unaccusativity puzzle: Explorations of the syntax-lexicon interface, 114–136. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257652.003.0005Search in Google Scholar

Alexiadou, Artemis & Edit Doron. 2012. The syntactic construction of two non-active voices: Passive and middle. Journal of Linguistics 48. 1–34.10.1017/S0022226711000338Search in Google Scholar

Anagnostopoulou, Elena & Yota Samioti. 2014. Domains within words and their meanings: A case study. In Artemis Alexiadou, Hagit Borer & Florian Schäfer, (eds.), The syntax of roots and the roots of syntax, 81–111. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665266.003.0005Search in Google Scholar

Arad, Maya. 2003. Locality constraints on the interpretation of roots: The case of Hebrew denominal verbs. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 21. 737–778.10.1023/A:1025533719905Search in Google Scholar

Arad, Maya. 2005. Roots and patterns: Hebrew morpho-syntax. Dordrecht: Springer.Search in Google Scholar

Bar-Asher Siegal, Elitzur & Nora Boneh. 2015. Decomposing affectedness: Truth-conditional non-core datives in Modern Hebrew. In Nurit Melnik (ed.), Proceedings of the 30th annual conference of the israel association for theoretical linguistics (IATL 30). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Search in Google Scholar

Bar-Asher Siegal, Elitzur & Nora Boneh. 2016. Discourse update at the service of mirativity effects: The case of the discursive dative. In Mary Moroney, Carol-Rose Little, Jacob Collard & Dan Burgdorf (eds.), Semantics and linguistic theory (SALT), Vol. 26, 103–121. LSA and CLC Publications.10.3765/salt.v26i0.3784Search in Google Scholar

Béjar, Susana & Milan Rezac. 2009. Cyclic Agree. Linguistic Inquiry 40. 35–73.10.1162/ling.2009.40.1.35Search in Google Scholar

Bobaljik, Jonathan David. 2012. Universals in comparative morphology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.10.7551/mitpress/9069.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Bolozky, Shmuel. 1982. Strategies of Modern Hebrew verb formation. Hebrew Annual Review 6. 69–79.Search in Google Scholar

Borer, Hagit. 1991. The causative-inchoative alternation: A case study in Parallel Morphology. The Linguistic Review 8. 119–158.10.1515/tlir.1991.8.2-4.119Search in Google Scholar

Borer, Hagit. 2013. Structuring sense, vol. 3: Taking form. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263936.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Borer, Hagit & Yosef Grodzinsky. 1986. Syntactic cliticization and lexical cliticization: The case of Hebrew dative clitics. In Hagit Borer (ed.), Syntax and semantics, Vol. 19, 175–217. New York: Academic Press.10.1163/9789004373150_009Search in Google Scholar

Deal, Amy Rose. 2015. Interaction and satisfaction in φ-agreement. In Thuy Bui and Deniz Özyıldız (eds.), Proceedings of NELS 45, 179–192. Amherst, MA: GLSA.Search in Google Scholar

Doron, Edit. 2003. Agency and voice: The semantics of the Semitic templates. Natural Language Semantics 11. 1–67.10.1023/A:1023021423453Search in Google Scholar

Dowty, David. 1991. Thematic proto-roles and argument selection. Language 67. 547–619.10.1353/lan.1991.0021Search in Google Scholar

Ehrenfeld, Lior. 2012. The morphology of the Hebrew causative alternation. Jerusalem: Hebrew University of Jerusalem Master’s thesis.Search in Google Scholar

Faust, Noam. 2012. Non-concatenative realization in the verbal inflection of Modern Hebrew. Morphology 22. 453–484.10.1007/s11525-012-9206-0Search in Google Scholar

Faust, Noam. 2016. Weak radicals, weak suppletion, and phonological indices in Semitic. Morphology 26. 379–397.10.1007/s11525-016-9278-3Search in Google Scholar

Gafter, Roey. 2014a. The distribution of the hebrew possessive dative construction: Guided by unaccusativity or prominence? Linguistic Inquiry 45. 482–500.10.1162/LING_a_00164Search in Google Scholar

Gafter, Roey. 2014b. “The most beautiful and correct Hebrew”: Authenticity, ethnic identity and linguistic variation in the greater Tel Aviv area. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Doctoral Dissertation.Search in Google Scholar

Halle, Morris & Alec Marantz. 1993. Distributed Morphology and the pieces of inflection. In Ken Hale & Samuel Jay Keyser (eds.), The view from building 20: Essays in linguistics in honor of Sylvain Bromberger, 111–176. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Search in Google Scholar

Harley, Heidi. 2009. The morphology of nominalizations and the syntax of vP. In Monika Rathert & Anastasia Giannakidou (eds.), Quantification, definiteness and nominalization, 320–342. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Hay, Jennifer, Christopher Kennedy & Beth Levin. 1999. Scalar structure underlies telicity in “degree acheivements”. In T. Mathews & D. Strolovitch (eds.), Proceedings of semantics and linguistic theory (SALT IX), 127–144. Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications.10.3765/salt.v9i0.2833Search in Google Scholar

Kastner, Itamar. 2016. Form and meaning in the Hebrew verb. New York, NY: New York University Doctoral Dissertation. Lingbuzz/003028.Search in Google Scholar

Kastner, Itamar. 2017. Reflexive verbs in Hebrew: Deep unaccusativity meets lexical semantics. Glossa 2(75).10.5334/gjgl.299Search in Google Scholar

Kastner, Itamar. 2018. Templatic morphology as an emergent property: Roots and functional heads in Hebrew. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.10.1007/s11049-018-9419-ySearch in Google Scholar

Kennedy, Christopher & Beth Levin. 2008. Measure of change: The adjectival core of degree achievements. In Louise McNally & Christopher Kennedy (eds.), Adjectives and adverbs: Syntax, semantics and discourse, 156–182. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Koontz-Garboden, Andrew. 2009. Anticausativization. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 27. 77–138.10.1007/s11049-008-9058-9Search in Google Scholar

Kratzer, Angelika. 1996. Severing the external argument from its verb. In Johan Rooryck & Laurie Zaring (eds.), Phrase structure and the lexicon, 109–137. Dordrecht: Kluwer.10.1007/978-94-015-8617-7_5Search in Google Scholar

Laks, Lior. 2011. Morpho-phonological and morpho-thematic relations in Hebrew and Arabic verb formation. Tel-Aviv: Tel Aviv University Doctoral Dissertation.Search in Google Scholar

Lev, Shaul. 2016. Hebrew labile alternation. Tel-Aviv: Tel Aviv University Master’s thesis.Search in Google Scholar

Levin, Beth. 1993. English verb classes and alternations: A preliminary investigation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Search in Google Scholar

Levin, Beth & Malka Rappaport Hovav. 1995. Unaccusativity: At the syntax–lexical semantics interface. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Search in Google Scholar

Linzen, Tal. 2014. Parallels between cross-linguistic and language-internal variation in Hebrew possessive constructions. Linguistics 52. 759–792.10.1515/ling-2014-0007Search in Google Scholar

Marantz, Alec. 2013. Locality domains for contextual allomorphy across the interfaces. In Alec Marantz & Ora Matushansky (eds.), Distributed morphology today: Morphemes for morris halle, 95–115. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.10.7551/mitpress/9780262019675.003.0006Search in Google Scholar

Nie, Yining. 2017. Voice morphology and the features of transitivity. Ms., NYU. lingbuzz/003750.Search in Google Scholar

Oseki, Yohei & Itamar Kastner. 2017. The trivalency of voice. In Cambridge workshop on Voice (CamVoice).Search in Google Scholar

Preminger, Omer. 2013. That’s not how you agree: A reply to Zeijlstra. The Linguistic Review 30. 491–500.10.1515/tlr-2013-0015Search in Google Scholar

Pylkkänen, Liina. 2008. Introducing arguments. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.10.7551/mitpress/9780262162548.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Rotstein, Carmen & Yoad Winter. 2004. Total adjectives vs. partial adjectives: Scale structure and higher-order modifiers. Natural Language Semantics 12. 259–288.10.1023/B:NALS.0000034517.56898.9aSearch in Google Scholar

Schäfer, Florian. 2008. The syntax of (anti-)causatives. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/la.126Search in Google Scholar

Schäfer, Florian. 2017. Romance and Greek medio-passives and the typology of Voice. In Roberta D’Alessandro, Irene Franco & Ángel Gallego (eds.), The verbal domain, 129–152. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/oso/9780198767886.003.0006Search in Google Scholar

Schwarzwald, Ora (Rodrigue). 1981a. dikduk u-metzi’ut ba-po’al ha-ivri [Grammar and reality in the Hebrew Verb]. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Shlonsky, Ur. 1987. Null and displaced pronouns. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation.Search in Google Scholar

Trachtman, Einat. 2016. ha-gorem le-alternatsiot be-hafakat ha-tnu’a be-he ha-binjan be-tsurut he-’avar Sel binjan hif’il [The source of alternations in the production of the vowel on -h- in the past tense of hixyiz]. Haifa: University of Haifa Master’s thesis.Search in Google Scholar

Wood, Jim. 2015. Icelandic morphosyntax and argument structure. Dordrecht: Springer.10.1007/978-3-319-09138-9Search in Google Scholar

Zeijlstra, Hedde. 2012. There is only one way to agree. The Linguistic Review 29. 491–539.10.1515/tlr-2012-0017Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2019-03-29
Published in Print: 2019-09-25

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston