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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg January 17, 2017

Besatzungskinder in Polen

Nationalsozialistische Politik und Erfahrungen in der Volksrepublik

Maren Röger EMAIL logo

Vorspann

Die Problematik der Kindheiten im Zweiten Weltkrieg hat in den letzten Jahren in Öffentlichkeit und Forschung wachsendes Interesse gefunden. Dabei herrscht allerdings eine Fokussierung auf deutsche Erfahrungen vor. Maren Röger erweitert hier die Perspektive. Sie nimmt die Situation der sogenannten Besatzungskinder in Polen in den Blick, die es aufgrund der rassistischen Umgangsverbote eigentlich gar nicht hätte geben dürfen. Die widersinnige Rassenlogik des NS-Regimes führte dabei zu teilweise paradoxen Umständen. Für die Kinder blieb ihre Herkunft auch im Nachkriegspolen oft eine Belastung.

Abstract

Despite the strict orders against social interaction, thousands of war children - children of German occupiers and local women - were born. Inasmuch as the authorities were informed about the German father, the National Socialist racial planners decided on further procedures. Children considered “racially valuable” were taken away from their Polish mother. Yet the increasing infiltration of racial ideology into the legal realm also increased the rights of illegitimate children and their mothers. In the case of the Incorporated Polish Territories, where Nazi family law was introduced, this led to the paradoxical situation that fathers could be sued for child support payments despite the simultaneous prohibition of sexual relations between Poles and Germans. The article firstly provides an overview of the policies of the Nazi occupiers towards these war children and secondly investigates the measures which the socialist state subsequently applied to the “war mothers”. Also, the experiences of the war children after 1945 are reconstructed on the basis of biographical interviews.

Online erschienen: 2017-01-17
Erschienen im Druck: 2017-01-15

© 2017 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH, Rosenheimer Str. 145, 81671 München

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