Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 20, 2020

Wittgenstein und die Begriffe des Psychischen bei Hegel

Alexander Berg
From the journal Wittgenstein-Studien

Abstract

Wittgenstein and the Concepts of Mind in Hegel. Hegel distinguishes three main forms of the (subjective) mind – the soul, the consciousness and the spirit. He seeks to use these concepts to rediscover the meaning of Aristotle’s works on the soul (Περὶ ψυχῆς) and, at the same time, to counteract certain scientistic tendencies within the philosophy of mind. Although Wittgenstein (most likely) was not aware of these Hegelian distinctions, his own use of the concepts of mind exhibits some remarkable similarities to Hegel’s, and Wittgenstein too develops his understanding of mind by first examining the scientific psychology of his time and delineating his own position by way of contrast with it.

This article examines three areas in which Wittgenstein substantially developed his understanding of the concepts of mind. The sequence of the investigation follows the order in which these areas became significant for Wittgenstein’s thinking, and compares them in each case with the three main Hegelian forms of the concepts of mind.

In: Richard Raatzsch (Hrsg.), Spezialsektion: Wittgenstein über das Psychische, Wittgenstein-Studien Bd. 11 (2020).

Literatur

Alexander, Samuel: Space and Deity. The Gifford Lectures at Glasgow, Basingstoke 1966. Search in Google Scholar

Berg, Alexander: Identity in Difference – Wittgenstein’s Hegel, in: Jakub Mácha, Alexander Berg (Hrsg.): Wittgenstein and Hegel – Reevaluation of Difference, Berlin 2019. Search in Google Scholar

Berg, Alexander: Vom Wissen zum Denken – Wittgensteins dialektische Methode am Beispiel der Seminarnotizen G. E. Moores, in: Christoph Limbeck-Lilienau, Friedrich Stadler (Hrsg.): Beiträge zum 40. Internationalen Wittgenstein Symposium, Bd. XXV, Kirchberg a. W. 2017. Search in Google Scholar

Böhme, Joachim: Die Seele und Das Ich Im Homerischen Epos, Leipzig 1929. Search in Google Scholar

Goodman, Russell B.: Wittgenstein and William James, Cambridge 2002. Search in Google Scholar

Haeckel, Ernst: Die Welträtsel. Gemeinverständliche Studien über monistische Philosophie, Stuttgart 1921. Search in Google Scholar

Haeckel, Ernst: The Riddle of the Universe, McGabe, Joseph (Übers.), London 1934. Search in Google Scholar

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich: Werke in 20 Bänden, hrsg. von Eva Moldenhauer, Karl Markus Michel, Frankfurt a. M. 1979. Search in Google Scholar

Herget, Anton: Psychologie und Erziehungslehre, Prag 1914. Search in Google Scholar

James, William: Does ‚Consciousness‘ Exist?, in: Ralph Barton Perry (Hrsg.): Essays in Radical Empiricism, London 1912. Search in Google Scholar

James, William: Pragmatism. A New Name For Some Old Ways Of Thinking, London 1907. Search in Google Scholar

James, William: The Principles of Psychology, New York 1890. Search in Google Scholar

James, William: Varieties of religious Experience. A Study in Human Nature, New York 2002. Search in Google Scholar

McGuinness, Brian: Wittgenstein. A Life. Young Ludwig, 1889 – 1921, London 1988. Search in Google Scholar

Moore, George Edward: Autobiography, in: Paul Arthur Schilpp (Hrsg.): The Philosophy of G. E. Moore, La Salle, Ill. 1992. Search in Google Scholar

Monk, Ray: The Duty of Genius, London 1991. Search in Google Scholar

Myers, Charles Samuel: Shell shock in France 1914 – 1918, based on a war diary, Cambridge 1940. Search in Google Scholar

Rothe, Klaus: Geist, in: Joachim Ritter (Hrsg.): Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie, Bd. 3, Basel 1974. Search in Google Scholar

Rothhaupt, Josef G. F.: Wittgensteins ‚Bemerkungen über Frazers The Golden Bough‘, in: Lars Albinus, Josef G. F. Rothhaupt, Aidan Seery (Hrsg.): Wittgenstein’s Remarks on Frazer. The Text and The Matter, Berlin 2016. Search in Google Scholar

Russell, Bertrand: Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy, London 1915. Search in Google Scholar

Russell, Bertrand: The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell, London 2006. Search in Google Scholar

Ryle, Gilbert: Autobiographical, in: Oscar P. Wood, George Pitcher (Hrsg.): Ryle. Modern Studies in Philosophy, London 1971. Search in Google Scholar

Snell, Bruno: Die Entdeckung des Geistes. Studien zur Entdeckung des europäischen Denkens bei den Griechen, Göttingen 2009. Search in Google Scholar

Tolstoi, Lew Nikolajewitsch: Kurze Darlegung des Evangelium, Lauterbach, Paul (Übers.), Leipzig 1892. Search in Google Scholar

Ward, James: Psychology, in: Encyclopædia Britannica, 9. Ed., London 1886. Search in Google Scholar

Online erschienen: 2020-01-20

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston