Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (O) March 14, 2015

Synthesis, crystal structure and spectroscopic properties of one-dimensional zinc(II)–cyanide complex with 1-methylimidazole, [Zn(μ-CN)(CN)(1-meim)]n

  • Elvan Sayın , Güneş Süheyla Kürkçüoğlu EMAIL logo , Okan Zafer Yeşilel and Tuncer Hökelek


A new one-dimensional Zn(II)–cyanide complex with 1-methylimidazole ligand, [Zn(μ-CN)(CN)(1-meim)]n (1-meim: 1-methylimidazole) has been synthesized and characterized by spectral (FT-IR and Raman) methods, elemental analysis, thermal (TG, DTG and DTA) analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The complex crystallizes in the monoclinic system, P21 space group. The asymmetric unit contains one Zn(II), one 1-meim and two cyanide ligands. The coordination sphere of the Zn(II) ion exhibits a distorted tetrahedral geometry. In the crystal structure, the symmetry related zinc(II) atoms are bridged by the cyanide anions to form one dimensional chains running along the b-axis. Intermolecular C–H···N hydrogen bonds link the adjacent polynuclear chains forming two dimensional layers through the R1818(2) ring motifs, where the layers formed are oriented in parallel to (020).

Corresponding author: Güneş Süheyla Kürkçüoğlu, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Physics, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, TR-26480 Eskişehir, Turkey, Tel.: +90 222 2393750; Fax: +90 222 2393578, E-mail:


[1] S. R. Batten, R. Robson, Interpenetrating nets: ordered, periodic entanglement. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.1998, 37, 1460.Search in Google Scholar

[2] J. Cernak, G. Helgesen, A. T. Skjeltorp, J. Kovac, J. Voltr, E. Cizmar, Magnetic properties of carbon nanodisk and nanocone powders. Phys. Rev. B. 2013, 87, 014434.Search in Google Scholar

[3] A. Nangia, Organic nanoporous structures. Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci.2001, 5, 115.Search in Google Scholar

[4] B. Hoskins, R. Robson, Design and construction of a new class of scaffolding-like materials comprising infinite polymeric frameworks of 3D-linked molecular rods. A reappraisal of the Zn(CN)2 and Cd(CN)2 structures and the synthesis and structure of the diamond-related frameworks [N(CH3)4][CuIZnII(CN)4] and CuI[4,4′,4″,4′″-tetracyanotetraphenylmethane]BF4·xC6H5NO2. J. Am. Chem. Soc.1990, 112, 1546.Search in Google Scholar

[5] E. Sayın, G. S. Kürkçüoğlu, O. Z. Yeşilel, T. Hökelek, O. Büyükgüngör, One-and two-dimensional heteropolynuclear complexes with tetracyanonickelate(II) and 2-pyridinemethanol. Z. Kristallogr.2014, 229, 563.Search in Google Scholar

[6] Y. Y. Chen, A. Y. Hu, M. Q. Shen, X. Y. Tian, H. Zhou, Syntheses and Characterization of Cyanide-Bridged Bimetallic Compounds Zn(terpy)(H2O)M(CN)4 (terpy = 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine; M = Ni, Pd, Pt) with Linear Chains. Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.2014, 640, 2287.Search in Google Scholar

[7] J. Pickardt, B. Staub, Kristallstruktur des cyanoverbrückten polymeren Zinkcyanid-Pyridin-Komplexes [Zn(py)2][Zn(CN)4]. Z. Naturforsch. B1995, 50, 1517.10.1515/znb-1995-1014Search in Google Scholar

[8] G. S. Kürkçüoğlu, O. Z. Yeşilel, M. Aksel, O. Büyükgüngör, Hetero-octanuclear cubane-like and one-dimensional cyano complexes with the N, N-dimethylethylenediamine ligand. Polyhedron2015, 85, 720.10.1016/j.poly.2014.09.019Search in Google Scholar

[9] A. Erxleben, Structures and properties of Zn(II) coordination polymers. Coord. Chem. Rev.2003, 246, 203.Search in Google Scholar

[10] L. Ouyang, P. M. Aguiar, R. J. Batchelor, S. Kroeker, D. B. Leznoff, A paramagnetic Cu(I)/Cu(II)/Zn(II) coordination polymer with multiple CN-binding modes and its solid-state NMR characterization. Chem. Comm.2006, 7, 744.Search in Google Scholar

[11] T. Kitazawa, S.-I. Nishikiori, R. Kuroda T. Iwamoto, Clathrate compounds of cadmium cyanide and related hosts with cristobalite-like lattice structures. J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans.1994, 7, 1029.Search in Google Scholar

[12] J. L. Manson, W. E. Buschmann, J. S. Miller, MnII[MnII(CN)4]-A magnetic interpenetrating three-dimensional diamondlike solid. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.1998, 37, 783.Search in Google Scholar

[13] D. Williams, D. Partin, F. Lincoln, J. Kouvetakis, M. O’Keeffe, The Disordered Crystal Structures of Zn(CN)2 and Ga(CN)3. J. Solid State Chem.1997, 134, 164.Search in Google Scholar

[14] P. Ding, E. Liang, Y. Jia, Z. Du, Electronic structure, bonding and phonon modes in the negative thermal expansion materials of Cd(CN)2 and Zn(CN)2. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter2008, 20, 275224.10.1088/0953-8984/20/27/275224Search in Google Scholar

[15] S. H. Lapidus, G. J. Halder, P. J. Chupas, K. W, Chapman. Exploiting high pressures to generate porosity, polymorphism, and lattice expansion in the nonporous molecular framework Zn(CN)2. J. Am. Chem. Soc.2013, 135, 7621.Search in Google Scholar

[16] K. Y. Ho, W. Y. Yu, K. K. Cheung, C. M. Che, A blue photoluminescent [Zn(L)(CN)2] (L = 2,2′-dipyridylamine) material with a supramolecular one-dimensional chain structure. Chem. Commun.1998, 19, 2101.Search in Google Scholar

[17] B. Jasiewicz, W. Boczoń, A. Mumot, B. Warżajtis, U. Rychlewska, Synthesis, spectroscopy and crystal structure of α-isosparteine complexes with ZnX2 (X = Br, CN, Cl). J. Mol. Struct.2005, 737, 239.Search in Google Scholar

[18] K. Y. Ho, W. Y. Yu, K. K. Cheung, C. M. Che, Blue luminescent zinc(II) complexes with polypyridylamine ligands: crystal structures and luminescence properties. J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans.1999, 10, 1581.Search in Google Scholar

[19] B. Jasiewicz, B. Warżajtis, U. Rychlewska, Influence of 2-methyl substitution on the geometry and complexing ability of sparteine: Packing of chiral vs. racemic building blocks. J. Mol. Struct.2008, 891, 317.Search in Google Scholar

[20] A. Bruker, SAINT and SADABS, Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 2005.Search in Google Scholar

[21] G. M. Sheldrick, A short history of SHELX. Acta Cryst. A2008, 64, 112.10.1107/S0108767307043930Search in Google Scholar

[22] L. J. Farrugia, ORTEP-3 for Windows-a version of ORTEP-III with a Graphical User Interface (GUI). J. Appl. Crystallogr.1997, 30, 565.Search in Google Scholar

[23] C. F. Macrae, I. J. Bruno, J. A. Chisholm, P. R. Edgington, P. McCabe, E. Pidcock, L. Rodriguez-Monge, R. Taylor, J. van de Streek, P. A. Wood, Mercury CSD 2.0-new features for the visualization and investigation of crystal structures. J. Appl. Cryst.2008, 41, 466.Search in Google Scholar

[24] J. Berstein, R. E. Davis, L. Shimoni, N.-L. Chang, Patterns in Hydrogen Bonding: Functionality and Graph Set Analysis in Crystals. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.1995, 34, 1555.Search in Google Scholar

[25] V. Sheinker, D. Y. Movshovich, O. A. Osipov, Investigation and structure of properties of heterocyclic compounds and their complexes. IV. Calculation and interpretation of the vibrational spectra of N-methylimidazole. Zh. Obshch. Khim.1973, 43, 2725.Search in Google Scholar

[26] L. H. Jones, Vibrational spectrum and structure of metal cyanide complexes in the solid state-V: K2Zn(CN) 4, K2Cd(CN)4 and K2Hg(CN)4. Spectrochim. Acta1961, 17, 188.10.1016/0371-1951(61)80064-7Search in Google Scholar

[27] S. Zhan, X. Chen, A. Vij, D. Guo, Q. Meng, Synthesis, studies and molecular structure of trinuclear cyanide-bridged copper- iron complexes. Inorg. Chim. Acta1999, 29, 2157.10.1016/S0020-1693(99)00183-8Search in Google Scholar

[28] K. Nakamoto, Infrared and Raman Spectra of Inorganic and Coordination Compounds, PartB: Applications in Coordination, Organometallic, and Bioinorganic Chemistry, 6th ed., Wiley and Sons, NewYork, 2009.Search in Google Scholar

[29] D. M. Gil, M. Avila, E. Reguera, S. Pagola, M. Inés Gómez, R. E. Carbonio, Lead hexacyanoferrate(II) tetrahydrate: Crystal structure, FTIR spectroscopy and thermal decomposition studies. Polyhedron2012, 33, 450.10.1016/j.poly.2011.12.006Search in Google Scholar

[30] K. F. Purcell, σ- and π-Bonding Effects in the Coordination of the Cyano Group. J. Am. Chem. Soc.1967, 89, 6139.Search in Google Scholar

Supplemental Material

The online version of this article (DOI: 10.1515/zkri-2015-0001) offers supplementary material, available to authorized users.

Received: 2015-1-6
Accepted: 2015-2-15
Published Online: 2015-3-14
Published in Print: 2015-6-1

©2015 by De Gruyter

Downloaded on 11.12.2023 from
Scroll to top button