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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter June 2, 2014

Optical Properties of Vanadium Ions in Zinc Sulphide

  • H.-J. Schulz , G. Roussos and S. W. Biernacki


The luminescence of synthetic ZnS: V crystals is studied at low temperatures (T % 4 K). The emission spectra comprise (i) a structured band centred around v = 5600 cm-1 , assigned to 3T2(F) ->• 3A2(F) transitions of substitutional V3+ (3d2) ions in a tetrahedral field, and (ii) a band around 4800 cm-1 assigned to 4T2(F) -> 4T1(F) transitions of V2+ (3d3) ions. In the range of the narrow no-phonon lines detected with both these emission bands, a temperature rise from 2 to 5 K entails a thermalisation in the population of the spin-orbit multiplets forming the initial states of the corresponding transitions. A third emission band near 3800 cm-1 grows after annealing the crystals in Zn vapour. It is tentatively attributed to 5E(D) -> 5T2(D) transitions of V+ (3d4). A model of one-electron states represents donor-type as well as acceptor-type changes of the vanadium oxidation states, commencing from V2+ , the state with neutral effective charge. The model is substantially founded on the measured excitation spectra of the V3+ and V2+ emission bands, supplemented by transmission spectra. Besides the corresponding broad charge transfer bands, the spectra display a number of structures which are associated with excited states of the ions. These energy levels are approximated in a computation following the strong-field Tanabe-Sugano scheme but in addition allowing for different radial extensions of e- and t2-type wave functions. The method used also includes the possibility of fitting the free-ion levels. Various sets of numerical values are eventually obtained for the crystal-field splitting and the Racah parameters. Some of the levels involved are found to be subject to Jahn-Teller interaction.

Received: 1990-1-11
Published Online: 2014-6-2
Published in Print: 1990-5-1

© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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