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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter June 2, 2014

Thermal Steady States of Gases in a Gravitational Field

  • Kunihiko Kigoshi EMAIL logo

This paper presents results on observations of a temperature difference between the top and bottom of a vessel filled with gas in a gravitational field. The observed temperature at the top of the vessel was always lower than the temperature at the bottom of the vessel, and this temperature difference was persistent and steady over more than 20 h. The magnitude of the temperature difference depends on the types of gas molecules present but is independent of the gas pressure in the vessel within the range from 2.7×104 Pa to 27 Pa. A temperature difference between the top and the bottom is only observed along the vertical direction and is only observed when the vessel contains a gas. These experimental results indicate a gravity effect on molecular heat transfer which enables the transport of energy in the gas without a thermal gradient.

Received: 2009-7-6
Revised: 2010-1-25
Published Online: 2014-6-2
Published in Print: 2011-2-1

© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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