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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 11, 2018

Hydrothermal growth mechanism of SnO2 nanorods in aqueous HCl

Patrick Leidich, Mihail Mondeshki, Bastian Barton, Ute Kolb, Martin Panthöfer and Wolfgang Tremel

Abstract

Rutile-type nanorods of SnO2 were obtained in a one-pot hydrothermal synthesis starting from SnCl4·5H2O and HCl in a temperature range between 200 and 240°C. Although the nanorods are polydisperse, the average length of the nanorods could be adjusted from 13 to 65 nm by varying of the reaction temperature. The resulting anisotropic nanocrystals were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), (high resolution-) transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). The particle growth proceeds via a dissolution-recrystallization process with soluble [SnCl5(H2O)] intermediates, as confirmed by PXRD, Raman spectroscopy, and magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR).


Dedicated to: Professor Bernt Krebs on the occasion of his 80th and to Professor Gerald Henkel on the occasion of his 70th birthday.


Acknowledgment

We are grateful to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) for financial support within the Schwerpunktprogramm SPP1415 “Kristalline Nichtgleich-gewichtsphasen” and Marc-Christian Müller and Aaron Gehl for experimental assistance.

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Supplementary Material

The online version of this article offers supplementary material (https://doi.org/10.1515/znb-2018-0142).


Received: 2018-07-12
Accepted: 2018-08-31
Published Online: 2018-10-11
Published in Print: 2018-11-27

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston