Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PGs) exhibit antiviral activity against RNA and DNA viruses in mammalian cell lines, and this effect has been associated with the induction of a heat shock protein (hsp70). We investigated the effect of prostaglandin A1 (PGA1) on the replication of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in Aedes albopictus (mosquito) cells. PGA1 was found to inhibit VSV replication dose dependently. Virus yield was reduced to 50% (3 μg PGA1/ml) and to 95% with 8 μg PGA1/ml. Even with the dramatic reduction of virus production observed in cells treated with PGA1, VSV-specific protein synthesis was unaltered. Treatment of cells with PGA1 (5 μg/ml) stimulated the synthesis of a polypeptide identified as a heat-shock protein (hsp) by immunoblot analysis. PGA1 induced hsp70 synthesis in uninfected cells. However, in VSV-infected cells the induction of hsp70 by PGA1 was reduced. This is the first report of antiviral effects of PGs affecting the replication of VSV in a mosquito cell line.
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