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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter June 2, 2014

β-Carboline and Quinoline Alkaloids in Root Cultures and Intact Plants of Peganum harmala

  • Rawia Zayed and Michael Wink EMAIL logo

Alkaloid profiles of root and shoot cultures, seedlings and mature plants were analysed by capillary GLC and GLC-MS. β-Carboline alkaloids, such as harmine, harmaline dominate in normal and root cultures transformed by Agrobacterium rhizogenes, as well as in roots and fruits of the plant. In shoots, flowers and shoot cultures quinoline alkaloids such as peganine, deoxypeganine, vasicinone and deoxyvasicinone widely replace the β-carboline alkaloids. In root cultures, the formation of β-carboline alkaloids can be induced by methyljasmonate and several other elicitors indicating that these alkaloids are part of the reactive chemical defence system of Peganum harmala.

Received: 2005-2-4
Revised: 2005-3-3
Published Online: 2014-6-2
Published in Print: 2005-6-1

© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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