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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter June 2, 2014

WWOX Oxidoreductase – Substrate and Enzymatic Characterization

Anna Sałuda-Gorgul, Karolina Seta, Magdalena Nowakowska and Andrzej K. Bednarek

WWOX is a tumour suppressor gene that spans the common fragile site FRA16D. Analysis of the WWOX expression pattern in normal human tissues showed the highest expression in testis, prostate, and ovary. Its altered expression has been demonstrated in different tissues and tumour types. The WWOX gene encodes a 414-amino acids protein, which is the first discovered protein with a short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) central domain and two WW domains at the NH2 terminus. Due to its potential role in sex-steroid metabolism, using two bacterial expression systems, we have cloned WWOX fusion proteins showing oxidoreductase activity in a crude extract, defined a course of enzymatic reactions for selected steroid substrates, and determined related Km values. Our results show that the SDR domain of the WWOX protein has dehydrogenase activity and is reactive both in the presence of NAD+ and NADP+ for all examined steroid substrates. On the other hand, with the same substrates and reduced cofactors (NADH and NADPH) reduction activity was not observed.

Received: 2010-5-12
Revised: 2010-9-14
Published Online: 2014-6-2
Published in Print: 2011-2-1

© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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