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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter June 2, 2014

Antitumour and Antioxidant Activity of Some Red Sea Seaweeds in Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma in vivo

Hanaa H. Ahmed, Muhammad M. Hegazi, Howaida I. Abd-Allac, Emad F. Eskander and Mona S. Ellithey

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The antitumour activities of extracts from the Red Sea seaweeds Jania rubens, Sargassum subrepandum, and Ulva lactuca were investigated in an in vivo mice model based on intramuscular injection of Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. In parallel, antioxidant activities were measured. Tumour marker levels, liver biochemical parameters, and hepatic oxidant/antioxidant status were measured to prove the anticancer and antioxidant nature of the algal extracts. Significant decreases in carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, activities of liver enzymes, levels of nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and an increase in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were recorded in groups treated with the algal extracts. Jania rubens was selected for phytochemical screening of its phytoconstituents. In addition, carotenoids, halides, minerals, lipoidal matters, proteins, and carbohydrates were studied. Furthermore, 7-oxo-cholest-5(6)-en-3-ol () and cholesterol (2) were isolated from the dichloromethane fraction.

Received: 2010-7-27
Revised: 2011-4-12
Published Online: 2014-6-2
Published in Print: 2011-8-1

© 1946 – 2014: Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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