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Publicly Available Published by De Gruyter June 2, 2014

Cell Death of Rice Roots under Salt Stress May Be Mediated by Cyanide-Resistant Respiration

  • Hanqing Feng EMAIL logo , Xiuli Houa , Xin Li , Kun Sun , Rongfang Wang , Tengguo Zhang , Tengguo Zhang and Yanping Ding

Treatment with solutions containing high concentrations of NaCl (200 or 300 mM) induced cell death in rice (Oryza sativa L.) roots, as well as the application of exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Moreover, the pretreatment with dimethylthiourea (DMTU), a scavenger of H2O2, partially alleviated the root cell death induced by 200 mM NaCl. These observations suggest that the cell death of rice roots under high salt stress is linked to H2O2 accumulation in vivo. NaCl stress increased the level of cyanide-resistant respiration to some extent and enhanced the transcript levels of the alternative oxidase (AOX) genes AOX1a and AOX1b in rice roots. High-salt-stressed (200 mM NaCl) rice roots pretreated with 1 mM salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM), a specifi c inhibitor of alternative oxidase, exhibited higher levels of cell death and H2O2 production than roots subjected to either 200 mM NaCl stress or SHAM treatment alone. These results suggest that cyanide-resistant respiration could play a role in mediating root cell death under high salt stress. Furthermore, this function of cyanideresistant respiration could relate to its ability to reduce the generation of H2O2

Received: 2012-1-20
Revised: 2012-5-28
Published Online: 2014-6-2
Published in Print: 2013-2-1

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