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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 15, 2022

Establishment and metabonomics analysis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease model in golden hamster

  • Cui-Zhu Zhao , Lin Jiang , Wen-Yan Li , Guang Wu , Jie Chen , Li-Hua Dong , Min Li , Wei Jiang , Ji-Xiao Zhu , Yan-Ping Gao , Qin-Ge Ma ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Guo-Yue Zhong EMAIL logo and Rong-Rui Wei ORCID logo EMAIL logo


The aim is to establish a model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) caused by feeding with high-fat, high-fructose, and high-cholesterol diet (HFFCD) in golden hamsters, and to investigate the characteristics of the NAFLD model and metabolite changes of liver tissue. Golden hamsters were fed HFFCD or control diets for six weeks. Body weight, abdominal fat index, and liver index was assessed, serum parameters, hepatic histology, and liver metabolites were examined. The results showed that body weight, abdominal fat, and liver index of hamsters were significantly increased in the model group, the level of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly increased in model group as well, and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly decreased. In addition, lipid deposition in liver tissue formed fat vacuoles of different sizes. Metabonomics analysis of the liver showed that the metabolic pathways of sphingolipid, glycerophospholipids, and arginine biosynthesis were disordered in the NAFLD model. The modeling method is simple, short time, and uniform. It can simulate the early fatty liver caused by common dietary factors, and provides an ideal model for the study of the initial pathogenesis and therapeutic drugs for NAFLD.

Corresponding authors: Qin-Ge Ma, Key Laboratory of Modern Preparation of Traditional Medicine of Ministry of Education, Jiangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330004, China, E-mail: ; and Guo-Yue Zhong and Rong-Rui Wei, Research Center of Natural Resources of Chinese Medicinal Materials and Ethnic Medicine, Jiangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330004, China, E-mail: (G.-Y. Zhong), (R.R. Wei)

Funding source: Science and Technology Project of Jiangxi Health Commission

Award Identifier / Grant number: 202211413

Funding source: Scientific Research Project of Jiangxi Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Award Identifier / Grant number: 2019A018

Funding source: Jiangxi University of Chinese Medicine Graduate Innovation Fund

Award Identifier / Grant number: JZYC21S75

Funding source: State Scholarship Fund of China Scholarship Council

Award Identifier / Grant number: 202008360033

Funding source: Jiangxi Provincial Natural Science Foundation

Award Identifier / Grant number: 20202BAB216036

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: This study was supported by Science and Technology Project of Jiangxi Health Commission (202211413), Scientific Research Project of Jiangxi Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (2019A018), Jiangxi University of Chinese Medicine Graduate Innovation Fund (JZYC21S75), State Scholarship Fund of China Scholarship Council (202008360033), and Jiangxi Provincial Natural Science Foundation (20202BAB216036).

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors have declared that there is no conflict of interest.


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Received: 2021-07-16
Accepted: 2022-02-19
Published Online: 2022-03-15
Published in Print: 2022-05-25

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