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Four mid front vowels in Western Almería

The effect of /s/, /r/, and /θ/ deletion in Eastern Andalusian Spanish

Alfredo Herrero de Haro

Abstract

Eastern Andalusian Spanish neutralises consonants in coda, although despite the neutralisation of most coda consonants, phonemic value has only been given to vowels preceding deleted /s/. The present paper expands on this traditional view and shows a more complex reality. This study will analyse differences between word-final /e/ and /e/ preceding deleted word-final /s/, /r/, and /θ/ in Western Almería (Eastern Andalusia) to determine if the deletion of each of these consonants causes consistent changes of quality to /e/, creating a system of four mid front vowels. A perception analysis will then determine if Western Almería speakers can distinguish between each of those vowels, which will confirm whether these realisations of /e/ have allophonic or phonemic value. An analysis shows consistent F1 and F2 values depending on whether /e/ is in coda or whether it precedes word-final /s/, /r/, or /θ/ deletion. Furthermore, perception tests show an ability to distinguish between some of those four mid front vowels.


Note

This work has been funded by the Faculty of Law, Humanities, and the Arts of the University of Wollongong (Australia) and by a Hispanex grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sport. I would like to thank Dr. Anu Bissoonauth-Bedford, Dr. Manuel Delicado Cantero, and Dr. William Steed for comments on earlier drafts of this work. I would also like to thank staff and students at the following schools for helping me gather the necessary materials for this research project: I.E.S. Fuente Nueva (El Ejido); I.E.S. Santo Domingo (El Ejido); C.E.I.P. Laimún (El Ejido); I.E.S. Mar Azul (Balerma); I.E.S. Virgen del Mar (Adra); and I.E.S. Abdera (Adra).


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Appendix 1: Answer sheet for Perception test one

Datos personales: Hombre Mujer

Edad: ________________________

¿En qué pueblo vives? ________________________

Si no has vivido en ese pueblo desde que tienes 4 años, di en qué pueblo vivías antes y cuánto tiempo llevas en el pueblo en el que vives ahora:

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

Señala con un círculo la respuesta correcta. Si cometes un error, tacha la respuesta incorrecta y señala con un círculo la respuesta correcta.

1aasaraz
2aasaraz
3aasaraz
4aasaraz
5aasaraz
6aasaraz
7aasaraz
8aasaraz
9eeserez
10eeserez
11eeserez
12eeserez
13eeserez
14eeserez
15eeserez
16eeserez
17iisiriz
18iisiriz
19iisiriz
20iisiriz
21iisiriz
22iisiriz
23iisiriz
24iisiriz
25oosoroz
26oosoroz
27oosoroz
28oosoroz
29oosoroz
30oosoroz
31oosoroz
32oosoroz
33uusuruz
34uusuruz
35uusuruz
36uusuruz
37uusuruz
38uusuruz
39uusuruz
40uusuruz

Appendix 2: Answer sheet for Perception test two

Datos personales: Hombre Mujer

Edad: ________________________

¿En qué pueblo vives? ________________________

Si no has vivido en ese pueblo desde que tienes 4 años, di en qué pueblo vivías antes y cuánto tiempo llevas en el pueblo en el que vives ahora:

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

Señala con un círculo la respuesta correcta. Si cometes un error, tacha la respuesta incorrecta y señala con un círculo la respuesta correcta.

1PataPatoGataBata
2AEI
3SedaCetaSeraSeta
4AOU
5AEO
6PataPatoGataBata
7PastoGastaGastoPasta
8EIA
9SedaCetaCeraSeta
10SedaCetaSeraSeta
11AOU
12PerroCeroCerroCepo
13PataPatoGataBata
14PataGatoGataBata
15PesaBesaMesaPeso
16TeTiDeFe
17ApilarAfilarAfiladApilad
18PesaBesaMesaPeso
19TeTiDeSe
20PesaBesaMesaPeso
Published Online: 2016-3-12
Published in Print: 2016-3-1

© 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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