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Bedeutungskonstitution in der Interaktion: die Partikel bien im gesprochenen Französisch

Verena Thaler

Abstract

The paper is concerned with the semantics of the French particle bien in spoken interaction. It argues that linguistic structures are shaped by their use in interaction and thus have to be described in relation to their interactional context. Bien is commonly described as a modal adverb (e.g. Il est bien habillé. ‘He is well dressed’) or as an adverb of degree (e.g. Il est bien grand pour son âge. ‘He is rather tall for his age’). In certain contexts, however, it appears to be used as a modal particle, as argued in this paper (e.g. C’est bien la première fois que ça m’arrive. ‘It’s [MP] the first time that happens to me’). The study shows that this use can be related not only to a number of syntactic and structural restrictions but also to specific sequential patterns, to a particular stance of the speaker toward the proposition expressed and to a specific discourse function. The latter consists in referring to contextual elements that are in contrast to the proposition of the current utterance. Bien thus functions as a kind of contextualization cue and as an instruction to the hearer to take the proposition into account.

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Anhang

Transkriptionskonventionen (C-ORAL-ROM, Cresti/Moneglia 2005):

// Conclusive prosodic break

? Conclusive prosodic break such that the utterance has an interrogative value

+ Conclusive prosodic break such that the utterance is interrupted

/ Non conclusive prosodic break

[/] Non conclusive prosodic break caused by a false start

[//] Non conclusive prosodic break caused by a false start (retracting) such that the linguistic material is only partially repeated

< > Overlapping speech

[<] Overlapping relation between two bracketed stings

& Speech fragments

hhh Paralinguistic or non-linguistic element

xxx Incomprehensible word

# Pause of more than 0.25 seconds

Online erschienen: 2017-3-17
Erschienen im Druck: 2017-3-1

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