Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 17, 2017

Four mid back vowels in Eastern Andalusian Spanish

The effect of /s/, /r/, and /θ/ deletion on preceding /o/ in the town of El Ejido

Alfredo Herrero de Haro

Abstract

The deletion of syllable-final consonants in Eastern Andalusian Spanish has been extensively documented; however, there is no consensus about its effect on neighbouring vowels. Researchers have focused on the effects of /s/ deletion on vowels to analyse how its semantic value is conveyed, while other consonants which are also deleted have been ignored. This paper examines the effects of word-final /s/, /r/, and /θ/ deletion on preceding /o/ from the point of view of production and perception. Regarding production, acoustic analyses of data from El Ejido (Eastern Andalusia), show specific changes to the F1 and F2 of /o/ depending on the underlying consonant it precedes (/s/, /r/, or /θ/). Likewise, a perception test demonstrates that Eastern Andalusian speakers can distinguish between more types of mid back vowels than previously thought.


Note

This work has been funded by the Faculty of Law, Humanities, and the Arts of the University of Wollongong (Australia) and by a Hispanex grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sport. I would like to thank staff and students at the following schools for helping me gather the necessary materials for this research project: I. E. S. Fuente Nueva (El Ejido); I. E. S. Santo Domingo (El Ejido); C. E. I. P. Laimún (El Ejido); I. E. S. Mar Azul (Balerma); I. E. S. Virgen del Mar (Adra); and I. E. S. Abdera (Adra).


7 References

Alarcos Llorach, Emilio, Fonología y fonética(a propósito de las vocales andaluzas), Archivum: Revista de la Facultad de Filología 8 (1958), 193–205. Search in Google Scholar

Alarcos Llorach, Emilio, Fonología española, Madrid, Gredos, 41976.Search in Google Scholar

Alarcos Llorach, Emilio, Más sobre vocales andaluzas, in: Fernández Sevilla, Julio/López Morales, Humberto/Molina, José Andrés de/Quilis, Antonio/Salvador, Gregorio (edd.), Philologica hispaniensia: in honoren Manuel Alvar, vol. 1, Madrid, Gredos, 1983, 49–56.Search in Google Scholar

Alonso, Dámaso/Zamora Vicente, Alonso/Canellada de Zamora, María Josefa, Vocales andaluzas. Contribución al estudio de la fonología peninsular, Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica 4:3 (1950), 209–230. 10.24201/nrfh.v4i3.159Search in Google Scholar

Alvar, Manuel, Las encuestas del “Atlas lingüístico de Andalucía”, Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares 11 (1955) 231–274. Search in Google Scholar

Alvar, Manuel, Atlas lingüístico y etnográfico de Andalucía, vol. 6, Granada, Universidad de Granada/CSIC, 1973.Search in Google Scholar

Bishop, Jason. B., Incomplete neutralization in Eastern Andalusian Spanish. Perceptual consequences of durational differences involved in s-aspiration, in: Trouvain, Jürgen (ed.), Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (Saarbrücken, 6–10 august 2007), Saarbrücken, Universität des Saarlandes, 2007, 1765–1768.Search in Google Scholar

Boersma, Peter/Weenink, David, Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer, Glot International 5:9/10 (2001), 341–345, <http://www.praat.org/>.Search in Google Scholar

Carlson, Kristin. M., An acoustic and perceptual analysis of compensatory processes in vowels preceding deleted post-nuclear /s/ in Andalusian Spanish, Concentric: Literacy & Cultural Studies 38:1 (2012), 39–67. Search in Google Scholar

Cerdà Massó, Ramón, Nuevas precisiones sobre el vocalismo del andaluz oriental, Lingüística Española Actual 14:1 (1992), 165–182. Search in Google Scholar

Contreras Jurado, Antonio, Vocales abiertas del plural en andaluz oriental, fonemas o prosodemas, Yelmo 26 (1975), 23–25. Search in Google Scholar

Corbin, Lindsey C., The Phonetics and Phonology of s-Lenition and Vowel Laxing in Eastern Andalusian Spanish, Dissertation, Williams College, 2006.Search in Google Scholar

Figueroa, Neysa, An acoustic and perceptual study of vowels preceding deleted post-nuclear /s/ in Puerto Rican Spanish, in: Campos Héctor/Herburger, Elena/Morales-Front, Alfonso/Walsh, Thomas J. (edd.), Hispanic Linguistics at the Turn of the Millennium, Somerville (Mass.), Cascadilla Press, 2000, 66–79.Search in Google Scholar

García Marcos, Francisco Joaquín, El segmento fónico vocal + S en ocho poblaciones de la costa granadina, Epos: Revista de filología 3 (1987), 155–180. 10.5944/epos.3.1987.9490Search in Google Scholar

Gerfen, Chip, Andalusian codas, Probus 14 (2002), 247–277. 10.1515/prbs.2002.010Search in Google Scholar

Gerfen, Chip/Hall, Kathleen, Coda aspiration and incomplete neutralization in Eastern Andalusian Spanish, Manuscript, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001 (retrieved from: <www.unc.edu/~gerfen/papers/GerfenandHall.pdf> [last access: May 2014]).Search in Google Scholar

Gómez Asensio, José J., Vocales andaluzas y fonología generativa, Studia Philologica Salamanticensia 1 (1977), 116–130. Search in Google Scholar

Hammond, Robert, An experimental verification of the phonemic status of open and closed vowels in Caribbean Spanish, in: López Morales, Humberto (ed.), Corrientes actuales en la dialectología del Caribe hispánico, Rio Piedras, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1978, 33–125.Search in Google Scholar

Hernández-Campoy, Juan M./Villena-Ponsoda, Juan A., Standardness and nonstandardness in Spain. Dialect attrition and revitalization of regional dialects of Spanish, International Journal of the Sociology of Language 21 (2009), 181–214. Search in Google Scholar

Herrero de Haro, Alfredo, Four mid front vowels in Western Almería. The effect of /s/, /r/, and /θ/ deletion in Eastern Andalusian Spanish, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 132 (2016), 118–148.Search in Google Scholar

Herrero de Haro, Alfredo, The phonetic and phonology of Eastern Andalusian Spanish. A review of literature from 1881 to 2016, Íkala, in press a.Search in Google Scholar

Herrero de Haro, Alfredo, Context and vowel harmony. Are they essential to identify underlying word-final /s/ in Eastern Andalusian Spanish?, Dialectologia, in press b.Search in Google Scholar

Hualde, José I./Sanders, Benjamin P., A new hypothesis on the origin of the eastern Andalusian vowel system, Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 21:1 (1995), 426–437, DOI: <http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/bls.v21i1.1386> [last access: 31 october 2016].Search in Google Scholar

Jiménez Fernández, Rafael, El andaluz, Madrid, Arco/Libros, 1999.Search in Google Scholar

Jiménez, Jesús/Lloret, María Rosa, Andalusian vowel harmony. Weak triggers and perceptibility, Paper presented at the Workshop Harmony in the Languages of the Mediterranean (Rhodes, 18 January 2007), 2007, <http://roa.rutgers.edu/files/901-0207/901-JIMENEZ-0–0.PDF> [last access: 31 october 2016].Search in Google Scholar

López Morales, Humberto, Desdoblamiento fonológico de las vocales en el andaluz oriental: reexamen de la cuestión, Revista española de lingüística 14:1 (1984), 85–97. Search in Google Scholar

Martínez Celdrán, Eugenio, Fonética, Barcelona, Teide, 1984.Search in Google Scholar

Martínez Celdrán, Eugenio, En torno a las vocales del español: análisis y reconocimiento, Estudios de fonética experimental 7 (1995), 195–218. Search in Google Scholar

Martínez Melgar, Antonia, Estudio experimental sobre un muestreo de vocalismo andaluz, Estudios de fonética experimental 2 (1986) 198–248. Search in Google Scholar

Martínez Melgar, Antonia, El vocalismo del andaluz oriental, Estudios de fonética experimental 6 (1994), 11–64. Search in Google Scholar

Melguizo Moreno, Elisabeth, La fricatización de /ĉ/ en una comunidad de hablantes granadina, Interlingüística 17 (2007), 748–757. Search in Google Scholar

Mondéjar Cumpián, José, Diacronía y sincronía en las hablas andaluzas, Lingüística española actual 1:2 (1979), 375–402. Search in Google Scholar

Mondejár Cumpián, José, Las hablas andaluzas: teoría, campos de investigación y textos, in :Carrasco Cantos, Pilar/Torres Montes, F. (edd.), Lengua, historia y sociedad en Andalucía, Madrid, Iberoamericana, 2011, 17–122. 10.31819/9783865278807-002Search in Google Scholar

Morris, Richard. E., Constraint interaction in Spanish /s/-aspiration: Three peninsular varieties, Paper presented at the Hispanic Linguistics at the Turn of the Millennium: Papers from the 3rd Hispanic Linguistics Symposium, 2000, DOI: <http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7282/T3SF2TF7> [last access: 31 october 2016].Search in Google Scholar

Moya Corral, Juan A., El oriente andaluz y el español común, in: id./Sosinski, Marcin (edd.), Estudios sobre la lengua española y su enseñanza, Granada, Universidad de Granada, 2011, <http://www.ugr.es/~hum430/Actas_XVI_Jornadas.pdf> [last access: 31 october 2016].Search in Google Scholar

Navarro Tomás, Tomás, Dédoublement de phonemes dans le dialecte andalou, Travaux de Cercle Linguistique de Prague 8 (1938), 184–186. Search in Google Scholar

Navarro Tomás, Tomás, Desdoblamiento de fonemas vocálicos, Revista de filologia hispánica 1 (1939), 165–167. Search in Google Scholar

Navarro Tomás, Tomás/Espinosa, Aurelio M./Rodríguez Castellano, Lorenzo, La frontera del andaluz, Revista de Filología Española 20 (1933), 225–277. Search in Google Scholar

Ohala, Diane K., Phonological acquisition in a first language, in: Hansend Edwards, Jean G./Zampini Mary L. (edd.), Phonology and Second Language Acquisition, Amsterdam, Benjamins, 2008, 19–39.10.1075/sibil.36.03ohaSearch in Google Scholar

O’Neill, Paul, Variación y cambio en las consonantes oclusivas del español de Andalucía, Estudios de fonética experimental 19 (2010), 11–41. Search in Google Scholar

Peñalver Castillo, Manuel, El habla de Cabra: situación actual, Anuario de estudios filológicos 29 (2006) 247–253. Search in Google Scholar

Quilis Morales, Antonio, Fonética acústica de la lengua española, Madrid, Gredos, 1981.Search in Google Scholar

Quilis Morales, Antonio/Esgueva, Manuel, Realización de los fonemas vocálicos españoles en posición fonética normal, in: Esgueva, Manuel/Cantarero, Margarita (edd.), Estudios de fonética, vol. 1, Madrid, CSIC, 1983, 159–252.Search in Google Scholar

Rodríguez-Castellano, Lorenzo/Palacio, Adela, Contribución al estudio del dialecto andaluz: el habla de Cabra, Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares 4:3 (1948), 387–418 (= 1948a). Search in Google Scholar

Rodríguez-Castellano, Lorenzo/Palacio, Adela, Contribución al estudio del dialecto andaluz: el habla de Cabra, Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares 4:4 (1948), 570–599 (= 1948b). Search in Google Scholar

Ruch, Hanna/Harrington, Jonathan, Synchronic and diachronic factors in the change from pre-aspiration to post-aspiration in Andalusian Spanish, Journal of Phonetics 45 (2014), 12–25. 10.1016/j.wocn.2014.02.009Search in Google Scholar

Salvador, Gregorio, El habla de Cúllar-Baza. Contribución al estudio de la frontera del andaluz, Revista de Filología Española 41 (1957), 161–252. 10.3989/rfe.1957.v41.i1/4.1050Search in Google Scholar

Salvador, Gregorio, Unidades fonológicas vocálicas en andaluz oriental, Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica 7 (1977), 1–23. Search in Google Scholar

Sanders, Benjamin. P., Andalusian vocalism and related processes, Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1994. Search in Google Scholar

Sanders, Benjamin. P., The eastern Andalusian vowel system: form and structure, Rivista di lingüística 10:1 (1998), 109–136. Search in Google Scholar

Schuchardt, Hugo, Die Cantes Flamencos, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 5 (1881), 249–322. 10.1515/zrph.1881.5.2-3.249Search in Google Scholar

Team Audacity, Audacity (Version 2.0.2), 2014.Search in Google Scholar

Tejada Giráldez, María, Los factores lingüísticos de la /-s/ implosiva en el nivel de estudios altos de Granada, Normas 2 (2012), 185–217.10.7203/Normas.2.4663Search in Google Scholar

Torreira, Francisco, Coarticulation between aspirated-s and voiceless stops in Spanish. An interdialectal comparison, in: Sagarra, Nuria/Toribio, Almeida Jacqueline, Selected proceedings of the 9th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium, Somerville (Mass.), Cascadilla Press, 2007, 113–120 (= 2007a) (<http://www.lingref.com/cpp/hls/9/paper1371.pdf> [last access: 31 october 2016]).Search in Google Scholar

Torreira, Francisco, Pre-and postaspirated stops in Andalusian Spanish, in: Prieto, Pilar/Mascaró, Joan/Solé María Josep (edd.), Segmental and Prosodic Issues in Romance Phonology, Amsterdam, Benjamins, 2007, 67–82 (= 2007b).10.1075/cilt.282.06torSearch in Google Scholar

Torreira, Francisco, Investigating the nature of aspirated stops in Western Andalusian Spanish, Journal of the International Phonetic Association 42:1 (2012), 49–63. 10.1017/S0025100311000491Search in Google Scholar

Trudgill, Peter, The Social Differentiation of English in Norwich, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1974.Search in Google Scholar

Valeš, Miroslav, Panorama de la sociolingüística andaluza, Linguistica Pragensia 24:1 (2014), 45–54. Search in Google Scholar

Vásquez, Washington, El fonema /s/ en el español de Uruguay, Revista de la Facultdad de Humanidadesy Ciencias. Universidad de la Repúblic 10 (1953), 87–94. Search in Google Scholar

Villena Ponsoda, Juan A., Identidad y variación lingüística. Prestigio nacional y lealtad vernacular en el español hablado en Andalucía, in; Bossong, Georg/Báez de Aguilar González, Francisco (edd.), Identidades Lingüísticas en la España Autonómica, Madrid, Iberoamericana Vervuert, 2000, 107–150.10.31819/9783865278456-007Search in Google Scholar

Villena Ponsoda, Juan. A., Efectos fonológicos de la coexistencia de modelos ideales en la comunidad de habla y en el individuo. Datos para la representación de la variación fonológica del español de Andalucía, Interlingüística 16:1 (2005), 43–70. Search in Google Scholar

Wulff, Fredrik, Un chapitre de phonétique andalouse, in: Recueil de mémoires philologiques présenté à Monsieur Gaston Paris, Stockholm, L’imprimerie centrale, 1889, 211–260.Search in Google Scholar

Zubizarreta, María Luisa, Vowel Harmony in Andalusian Spanish, in: Safir, Kenneth J. (ed.), Papers on Syllable Structure, Metrical Structure and Harmony Processes, Cambridge (Mass.), MIT, 1979, 1–11.Search in Google Scholar

Appendix

Published Online: 2017-3-17
Published in Print: 2017-3-1

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Scroll Up Arrow