Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg December 19, 2018

Lieber krank und arbeitslos als „nur“ arbeitslos? Die Auswirkungen der Medikalisierung von arbeitslosen Personen auf Stigmatisierungsprozesse

Philipp Linden, Nadine Reibling and Stephan Krayter

Abstract

Die Integration von (langzeit-)arbeitslosen Personen ist eine zentrale Herausforderung für Arbeitsmarkt- und Sozialpolitik. Aktivierung und die damit verknüpfte Konditionalität von Sozialleistungen haben bedeutende Implikationen für die Wahrnehmung von arbeitslosen Personen, die immer häufiger Stigmatisierungen erleben. Gesundheitliche Einschränkungen oder Behinderungen, die als einziger Grund für die Anerkennung einer (befristet) eingeschränkten Beschäftigungsfähigkeit gelten und eine Verknüpfung von Sozialleistungsbezug und Freistellung von der verpflichtenden Arbeitsaufnahme ermöglichen, erhalten damit eine neue Bedeutung. Dieser Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, ob die Medikalisierung der Arbeitslosigkeit Stigmatisierung verringert. Wir untersuchen daher mit Daten des Panels „Arbeitsmarkt und soziale Sicherung“ (PASS) den Einfluss der Freistellung auf die wahrgenommene Stigmatisierung. Entropie-balancierte, multivariate OLS-Regressionen zeigen kein signifikant vermindertes Stigma für freigestellte Personen.

Abstract

The integration of long-term unemployed individuals into the labor market is a key objective of modern social policy in Germany. Activation and the associated conditionality of social benefits have important implications for the perception of the unemployed, who are increasingly exposed to stigmatization. Moreover, health problems and disabilities constitute the primary rationales for a (temporary) limited employability assessment among these groups, which allows individuals to receive unemployment benefits while being exempt from the obligation to look for a job. The medicalization of unemployment might therefore constitute a legitimization of this status, diminishing social stigma. In this article, we investigate whether a medical leave status reduces the perceived stigmatization among those groups. Using entropy balanced OLS-regressions with data from the “Labor Market and Social Security Panel” (PASS), we find no significantly lower stigma for unemployed persons on medical leave.

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Published Online: 2018-12-19
Published in Print: 2018-12-19

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