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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (O) September 25, 2009

Thermal induced transformations on completely Zn2+ exchanged zeolites A and Y

C. Weidenthaler and W. Schmidt

Abstract

The thermal stability of completely Zn2+ exchanged zeolites A and Y during calcination is studied from R.T. to 1350°C. The phase formation processes are analysed by in situ X-ray diffraction experiments as well as by quenched samples analysed and quantified by Rietveld refinements. The framework structures of the exchanged zeolites A and Y are observed to collapse above 850°C. At higher temperatures the crystallisation of Zn-β-quartz, mullite, and gahnite is initiated from the amorphous phase. Above 1050°C quartz appears and Zn-β-quartz disappears. The crystallisation of willemite is only observed for ZnA, mullite is not stable above 1150°C in both systems. Further increase in temperature leads to the crystallisation of cristobalite accompanied by the disappearance of quartz. The final crystalline components at 1350°C are, for both zeolite precursors, gahnite and cristobalite. Differences between the zeolite precursors are the amounts of amorphous phase formed, indicating a suppression of the formation of a crystalline SiO2 phase in the ZnY samples.

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Published Online: 2009-9-25
Published in Print: 2001-2-1

© 2001 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH

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