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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (O) September 25, 2009

Single-crystal neutron diffraction of urea-phosphoric acid: evidence for H-atom migration in a short hydrogen bond between 150 K and 350 K

C. C. Wilson, K. Shankland and N. Shankland


The structure of urea-phosphoric acid has been refined using single-crystal neutron diffraction data collected at seven temperatures in the range 150 K to 350 K. The structure is orthorhombic, space group Pbca, Z=8, a=17.453(5)-17.679(8), b=7.454(3)-7.483(4), c=8.963(3)-8.992(4) Å, V=1166.0–1189.6 Å3. The molecules are linked by a short intermolecular O···H···O hydrogen bond, with O···O ≈ 2.4 Å and <O···H···O ≈ 170°. At 150 K, this bond is markedly asymmetric, with O···H = 1.168(4) Å and H···O = 1.252(4) Å. However, at 300 K and above, the H-atom is essentially centred between the two O-atoms. This systematic shift in position of the H-atom (up to ≈ 0.04 Å) is significant in relation to the esd´s of the measurements. H-atom migration along a hydrogen bond with temperature has been observed previously with other species, including quinolinic acid, and the hydrogen phthalate anions of lithium hydrogen phthalate monohydrate. There is no evidence to support the notion that the H-atom within the O···H···O hydrogen bond in urea-phosphoric acid is disordered, and the diffraction data are consistent with the previously reported hypothesis of a single-minimum potential energy surface for the short hydrogen bond.

Published Online: 2009-9-25
Published in Print: 2001-6-1

© 2001 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH

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