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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (O) September 25, 2009

Elastic and thermoelastic properties of selected organic crystals: acenaphthene, trans-azobenzene, benzophenone, tolane, trans-stilbene, dibenzyl, diphenyl sulfone, 2,2´-biphenol, urea, melamine, hexogen, succinimide, pentaerythritol, urotropine, malonic acid, dimethyl malonic acid, maleic acid, hippuric acid, aluminium acetylacetonate, iron acetylacetonate, and tetraphenyl silicon

S. Haussühl

Abstract

Elastic and thermoelastic properties of the 21 title crystalline species have been determined from ultrasonic resonant frequencies of plates and their shift upon variation of temperature, respectively. In addition, the tensors of thermal expansion have been measured by the aid of a Fizeau interferometer. An analysis of the elastic behaviour of organic crystals, including earlier elastic data of other organic compounds taken from the literature, revealed common features of organic crystals and organic liquids in respect to the scalar invariants C = (c11 + c22 + c33 + c44 + c55 + c66 + c12 + c13 + c23)/9 and d log C/dT, T temperature, especially in the case of Van-der-Waals crystals. Contrary to ionic crystals the invariant C increases in these crystals with larger molecular volume. Crystals with strong hydrogen bonds like dicarboxylic or sulfonic acids behave rather like ionic crystals. The influence of a small molecular elastic stiffness, as observed in plastic crystals, is clearly recognizable in the elastic properties. The impact of structural details on the invariant C and its logarithmic temperature derivative is surprisingly small.

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Published Online: 2009-9-25
Published in Print: 2001-6-1

© 2001 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH

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