Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag April 22, 2013

A TT Dinucleotide with a Nonionic Silyl Backbone: Impact on Conformation and H-Bond Mediated Base Pairing as Studied by Low-Temperature NMR

Eline M. Basílio Janke and Klaus Weisz

Abstract

A TSiT dinucleotide linked through a nonionic diisopropylsilyl backbone has been synthesized and studied for its self-association through base–base recognition together with a free thymidine nucleoside. To characterize hydrogen-bonded associates in more detail, NMR measurements were performed in a freonic solvent at temperatures as low as 113 K in the slow hydrogen bond exchange regime. For the thymidine, TT base pairs with both the 2- and 4-carbonyl engaged in hydrogen bonds to the imino proton were observed. Whereas hydrogen bonds to the O4 acceptor are stronger as evidenced by a more deshielded proton in the hydrogen bridge when compared to hydrogen bonds to the O2 acceptor, the latter is nevertheless slightly favored over O4 in the H-bond formation of TT base pairs. The diisopropylsilyl linkage of the TSiT dinucleotide has no significant impact on the geometry and strength of formed NH–O2 and NH–O4 hydrogen bonds indicating, that the silyl backbone does not compromise the alignment of bases and does not pose any restrictions to the cyclic hydrogen bond formation between thymidines of the two strands. However, NMR results point to an exclusive formation of TSiT duplexes with an antiparallel strand orientation.


* Correspondence address: Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität, Institut für Biochemie, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 4, 17487 Greifswald, Deutschland,

Published Online: 2013-4-22
Published in Print: 2013-6-1

© by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München, Germany