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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 10, 2015

High-pressure high-temperature transitions in MgCr2O4 and crystal structures of new Mg2Cr2O5 and post-spinel MgCr2O4 phases with implications for ultrahigh-pressure chromitites in ophiolites

Takayuki Ishii EMAIL logo , Hiroshi Kojitani , Kiyoshi Fujino , Hitoshi Yusa , Daisuke Mori , Yoshiyuki Inaguma , Yoshitaka Matsushita , Kazunari Yamaura and Masaki Akaogi
From the journal American Mineralogist

Abstract

We determined phase relations in MgCr2O4 at 12-28 GPa and 1000-1600 °C using a multi-anvil apparatus. At 12-15 GPa, spinel-type MgCr2O4 (magnesiochromite) first decomposes into a mixture of new Mg2Cr2O5 phase + corundum-type Cr2O3 at 1100-1600 °C, but it dissociates first into MgO periclase + corundum-type Cr2O3 at l000 °C. At about 17-19 GPa, the mixture of Mg2Cr2O5 phase + corundum-type Cr2O3 transforms to a single MgCr2O4 phase. Structure refinements using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data indicated that the high-pressure MgCr2O4 phase has a CaTi2O4-type structure (Cmcm), and that the basic structure of the Mg2Cr2O5 phase is the same as that of recently found modified ludwigite-type Mg2Al2O5 and Fe2Cr2O5 (Pbam). The phase relations in this study may suggest that natural chromitites in the Luobusa ophiolite regarded as the deep-mantle origin were derived from the mantle shallower than the depths corresponding to pressure of 12-15 GPa because of absence of the assemblage of (Mg,Fe)2Cr2O5 + Cr2O3 in the chromitites.

Received: 2013-11-26
Accepted: 2014-7-2
Published Online: 2015-1-10
Published in Print: 2015-1-1

© 2015 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

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