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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 18, 2016

Maruyamaite, K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, a potassium-dominant tourmaline from the ultrahigh-pressure Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan: Description and crystal structure

  • Aaron Lussier , Neil A. Ball , Frank C. Hawthorne EMAIL logo , Darrell J. Henry , Rentaro Shimizu , Yoshihide Ogasawara and Tsutomu Ota
From the journal American Mineralogist

Abstract

Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, was recently approved as the first K-dominant mineral-species of the tourmaline supergroup. It occurs in ultrahigh-pressure quartzofeldspathic gneisses of the Kumdy-Kol area of the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. Maruyamaite contains inclusions of microdiamonds, and probably crystallized near the peak pressure conditions of UHP metamorphism in the stability field of diamond. Crystals occur as anhedral to euhedral grains up to 2 mm across, embedded in a matrix of anhedral quartz and K-feldspar. Maruyamaite is pale brown to brown with a white to very pale-brown streak and has a vitreous luster. It is brittle and has a Mohs hardness of ∼7; it is non-fluorescent, has no observable cleavage or parting, and has a calculated density of 3.081 g/cm3. In plane-polarized transmitted light, it is pleochroic, O = darkish brown, E = pale brown. Maruyamaite is uniaxial negative, ω = 1.634, ε = 1.652, both ±0.002. It is rhombohedral, space group R3m, a = 15.955(1), c = 7.227(1) Å, V = 1593(3) Å3, Z = 3. The strongest 10 X-ray dif- fraction lines in the powder pattern are [d in Å(I)(hkl)]: 2.581(100)(051), 2.974(85)(1̄32), 3.995 (69)(2̄40), 4.237(59)(2̄31), 2.046(54)(1̄62), 3.498(42)(012), 1.923(36)(3̄72), 6.415(23)(1̄11), 1.595(22)(5̄.10.0), 5.002(21)(021), and 4.610(20)(030). The crystal structure of maruyamaite was refined to an R1 index of 1.58% using 1149 unique reflections measured with MoKα X-radiation. Analysis by a combination of electron microprobe and crystal-structure refinement gave SiO2 36.37, Al2O3 31.50, TiO2 1.09, Cr2O3 0.04, Fe2O3 0.33, FeO 4.01, MgO 9.00, CaO 1.47, Na2O 0.60, K2O 2.54, F 0.30, B2O3(calc) 10.58, H2O(calc) 2.96, sum 100.67 wt%. The formula unit, calculated on the basis of 31 anions pfu with B = 3, OH = 3.24 apfu (derived from the crystal structure) and the site populations assigned to reflect the mean interatomic distances, is (K0.53Na0.19Ca0.260.02)ΣX=1.00(Mg1.19Fe0.552+Fe0.053+ Ti0.14Al1.07)□Y=3.00(Al5.00Mg1.00)(Si5.97Al0.03O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(O0.602F0.16OH0.24). Maruyamaite, ideally K(MgAl2) (Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, is related to oxy-dravite: ideally Na(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O, by the substitution XK → XNa.

Acknowledgments

We thank Andreas Ertl and an anonymous reviewer for their useful comments on this paper. This work was supported by a University of Manitoba Graduate Fellowship to A.L., a Canada Research Chair in Crystallography and Mineralogy to F.C.H., and by Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery, Research Tools and Equipment, and Major Facilities Access grants, and by Canada Foundation for Innovation grants, to F.C.H. Some investigations of the petrologic applications of tourmaline benefited from NSF funding to D.J.H. from grant EAR-9405747. The petrographic work and Raman spectroscopy were funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grant-in-Aid no. 15204050 to Y.O.

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  1. Manuscript handled by Beda Hofmann

Received: 2015-3-11
Accepted: 2015-9-10
Published Online: 2016-2-18
Published in Print: 2016-2-1

© 2016 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

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