Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 2, 2018

The uppermost mantle section below a remnant proto-Philippine Sea island arc: Insights from the peridotite fragments from the Daito Ridge

Tomoaki Morishita, Ken-Ichiro Tani, Yusuke Soda, Akihiro Tamura, Tomoyuki Mizukami and Biswajit Ghosh
From the journal American Mineralogist

Abstract

The Amami Plateau, Daito Ridge, and Oki-Daito Ridge of the northwestern Philippine Sea Plate are remnants of Mesozoic island arcs. We have newly recovered samples of peridotite and peridotite-derived minerals from the Daito Ridge. The peridotite samples are composed of serpentinized/altered olivines, orthopyroxene porphyroclasts, small clinopyroxenes, and spinels, indicating a harzburgitic origin. Chondrite- and primitive mantle-normalized trace-element patterns for clinopyroxenes are characterized by a steep positive slope from middle rare earth elements to heavy rare earth elements (HREEs) plus yttrium. The light rare earth elements (LREEs) and Sr and Zr contents of clinopyroxenes vary in abundance, and some crystals have high LREE/HREE ratios coupled with positive Sr and Zr anomalies. These petrological and geochemical characteristics are not consistent with the Daito peridotites being the residue of a single partial melting event including melt extraction expected for mid-ocean ridge mantle. Instead, the peridotite source must have been enriched with slab-derived components, which are associated with arc-related magma. Thus, it is concluded that the studied peridotite fragments belong to an exhumed mantle section of a remnant proto-Philippine Sea island arc.

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Captains Ukekura and Nakamura, the crews of the Yokosuka and Kairei, and the SHINKAI and KAIKO teams who contributed to the success of the cruises. Sumiaki Machi and Makoto Miura supported sample preparation and analyses. Valuable comments from Alessio Sanfilippo, anonymous reviewers, and the journal editor improved the manuscript. This study was partly supported by a Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, awarded to T.M. (nos. 26287134 and 16H05741), and K.T. (no. 24684037).

References cited

Akizawa, N., Ozawa, K., Tamura, A., Michibayashi, K., and Arai, S. (2016) Three-dimensional evolution of melting, heat and melt transfer in ascending mantle beneath a fast-spreading ridge segment constrained by trace elements in clinopyroxene from concordant dunites and host harzburgites of the Oman ophiolite. Journal of Petrology, 57, 777–814. Search in Google Scholar

Bloomer, S.H., and Hawkins, J.W. (1987) Petrology and geochemistry of boninite series volcanic rocks from the Mariana trench. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 97, 361–377. Search in Google Scholar

Cameron, W.E., McCulloch, M.T., and Walker, D.A. (1983) Boninite petrogenesis: chemical and Nd-Sr isotopic constraints. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 65, 75–89. Search in Google Scholar

Dick, H.J.B., and Natland, J.H. (1996) Late-stage melt evolution and transport in the shallow mantle beneath the East Pacific Rise. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, 147 Scientific Results, 103–134. Search in Google Scholar

Hall, R., Ali, J.R., Anderson, C.D., and Baker, S.J. (1995) Origin and motion history of the Philippine Sea Plate. Tectonophysics, 251, 229–250. Search in Google Scholar

Hellebrand, E., Snow, J.E., Dick, H.J.B., and Hofmann, A.W. (2001) Coupled major and trace elements as indicators of the extent of melting in mid-ocean-ridge peridotites. Nature, 410, 677–681. Search in Google Scholar

Hickey-Vargas, R. (1991) Isotope characteristics of submarine lavas from the Philippine Sea: implications for the origin of arc and basin magmas of the Philippine tectonic plate. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 107, 290–304. Search in Google Scholar

Hickey-Vargas, R. (2005) Basalt and tonalite from the Amami Plateau, northern West Philippine Basin: new early Cretaceous ages and geochemical results, and their petrologic and tectonic implications. The Island Arc, 14, 653–665. Search in Google Scholar

Hilde, T.W.C., and Lee, C.-S. (1984) Origin and evolution of the west Philippine basin: a new interpretation. Tectonophysics, 102, 85–104. Search in Google Scholar

Ishida, Y., Morishita, T., Arai, S., and Shirasaka, M. (2004) Simultaneous in-situ multi-element analysis of minerals on thin section using LA-ICP-MS. Science Report of Kanazawa University, 48, 31–42. Search in Google Scholar

Ishizuka, O., Taylor, R.N., Yuasa, M., and Ohara, Y. (2011) Making and breaking an island arc: a new perspective from the Oligocene Kyushu-Palau arc, Philippine Sea. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Q05005, 10.1029/2010GC003440. Search in Google Scholar

Karig, D.E. (1971) Origin and development of marginal basins in the western Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research, 76, 2542–2561. Search in Google Scholar

Kelemen, P.B., Yogodzinski, G.M., and Scholl, D.W. (2003) Along-strike variation in the Aleutian Island Arc: Genesis of high Mg# andesite and implications for continental curst. Geophysical Monograph, 138, 223–276. Search in Google Scholar

Kinzler, R.J., and Grove, T.L. (1992) Primary magmas of mid-ocean ridge basalts 1. Experiments and Methods. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 6885–6906. Search in Google Scholar

Klein, G.V., and Kobayashi, K. (1980) Geological summary of the north Philippine Sea, based on Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 58 results. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 58, 951–961. Search in Google Scholar

Lallemand, S. (2016) Philippine Sea Plate inception, evolution, and consumption with special emphasis on the early stages of Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction. Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, 3, 10.1186/s40645-016-0085-6. Search in Google Scholar

Le Roux, V., Dick, H.J.B., and Shimizu, N. (2014) Tracking flux melting and melt percolation in supra-subduction peridotites (Josephine ophiolite, USA). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168, 1064, 10.1007/s00410-014-1064-9. Search in Google Scholar

Li, Y.-B., Kimura, J.-I., Machida, S., Ishii, T., Ishiwatari, A., Maruyama, S., Qiu, H.-N., Ishikawa, T., Kato, Y., Haraguchi, S., Takahashi, N., Hirahara, Y., and Miyazaki, T. (2013) High-Mg adakite and low-Ca boninite from a bonin fore-arc seamount: Implications for the reaction between slab melts and depleted mantle. Journal of Petrology, 54, 1149–1175. Search in Google Scholar

Longerich, H.P., Jackson, S.E., and Günther, D. (1996) Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric transient signal data acquisition and analyte concentration calculation. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 11, 899–904. Search in Google Scholar

Loocke, M., Snow, J.E., and Ohara, Y. (2013) Melt stagnation in peridotites from the Godzilla Megamullion Oceanic Core Complex, Parece Vela Basin, Philippine Sea. Lithos, 182–183. Search in Google Scholar

McDade, P., Blundy, J.D., and Wood, B.J. (2003a) Trace element partitioning on the Tinaquillo Lherzoltie solidus at 1.5 GPa. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 139, 129–147. Search in Google Scholar

McDade, P., Blundy, J.D., and Wood, B.J. (2003b) Trace element partitioning between mantle wedge peridotite and hydrous MgO-rich melt. American Mineralogist, 88, 1825–1831. Search in Google Scholar

McDonough, W.F., and Sun, S.-s. (1995) The composition of the Earth. Chemical Geology, 120, 223–253. Search in Google Scholar

Morishita, T., Arai, S., and Tamura, A. (2003) Petrology of an apatite-rich layer in the Finero phlogopite-peridotite, Italian Western Alps; implications for evolution of a metasomatising agent. Lithos, 69, 37–49. Search in Google Scholar

Morishita, T., Ishida, Y., and Arai, S. (2005a) Simultaneous determination of multiple trace element compositions in thin (<30 μm) layers of BCR-2G by 193 nm ArF excimer laser ablation-ICP-MS: implications for matrix effect and element fractionation on quantitative analysis. Geochemical Journal, 39, 327–40. Search in Google Scholar

Morishita, T., Ishida, Y., Arai, S., and Shirasaka, M. (2005b) Determination of multiple trace element compositions in thin (< 30 μm) layers of NIST SRM 614 and 616 using laser ablation ICP-MS. Geostandard and Geoanalytical Research, 29, 107–122. Search in Google Scholar

Morishita, T., Dilek, Y., Shallo, M., Tamura, A., and Arai, S. (2011) Insight into the uppermost mantle section of a maturing arc: the Eastern Mirdita ophiolite Albania. Lithos, 124, 215–226. Search in Google Scholar

Morishita, T., Nakamura, K., Shibuya, T., Kumagai, H., Sato, T., Okino, K., Sato, H., Nauchi, R., Hara, K., and Takamaru, R. (2015) Petrology of peridotites and related gabbroic rocks around the Kairei hydrothermal field in the Central Indian Ridge. In J. Ishibashi, K. Okino, and M. Sunamura, Eds., Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept. Springer, 10.1007/978-4-431-54865-2_14. Search in Google Scholar

Nishizawa, A., Kaneda, K., Katagiri, Y., and Oikawa, M. (2014) Wide-angle refraction experiments in the Daito Ridges region at the northwestern end of the Philippine Sea plate. Earth and Planetary Science, 66, http://www.earth-planets-space.com/content/66/1/25. Search in Google Scholar

Ohara, Y. (2006) Mantle process beneath Philippine Sea back-arc spreading ridges: A synthesis of peridotite petrology and tectonics. Island Arc, 15, 119–129. Search in Google Scholar

Ohara, Y., Stern, R.J., Ishii, T., Yurimoto, H., and Yamazaki, T. (2002) Peridotites from the Mariana Trough: First look at the mantle beneath an active backarc basin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 143, 1–18. Search in Google Scholar

Ohara, Y., Fujioka, K., Ishii, T., and Yurimoto, H. (2003) Peridotites and gabbros from the Parece Vela backarc basin: Unique tectonic window in an extinct backarc spreading ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 4, 10.1029/2002GC000469. Search in Google Scholar

Okino, K., Ohara, Y., Kasuga, S., and Kato, Y. (1999) The Philippine Sea: A new survey results reveal the structure and history of the marginal basins. Geophysical Research Letter, 26, 2287–2290. Search in Google Scholar

Ozawa, K. (2001) Mass balance equations for open magmatic systems: trace element behavior and its application to open system melting in the upper mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 13,407–13,434. Search in Google Scholar

Ozawa, K., and Shimizu, N. (1995) Open-system melting in the upper mantle: constraints from the Hayachine-Miyamori ophiolite, northeastern Japan. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 22,315–22,335. Search in Google Scholar

Parkinson, I.J., and Pearce, J.A. (1998) Peridotites from the Izu-Bonin-Mariana Forearc (ODP Leg125): Evidence for mantle melting and melt-mantle interaction in a supra-subduction zone setting. Journal of Petrology, 39, 1577–1618. Search in Google Scholar

Pearce, N.J.G., Perkins, W.T., Westgate, J.A., Gorton, M.P., Jackson, S.E., Neal, C.R., and Chenery, S.P. (1997) A compilation of new and published major and trace element data for NIST SRM 610 and NIST SRM 612 glass reference materials. Geostandards Newsletter, 21, 114–144. Search in Google Scholar

Ryan, W.B.F., Carbotte, S.M., Coplan, J.O., O’Hara, S., Melkonian, A., Arko, R., Weissel, R.A., Ferrini, V., Goodwillie, A., Nitsche, F., Bonczkowski, J., and Zemsky, R. (2009) Global multi-resolution topography synthesis. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q03014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/02008GC002332. Search in Google Scholar

Seno, T., and Maruyama, S. (1984) Paleogeographic reconstruction and origin of the Philippine Sea. Tectonophysics, 102, 53–84. Search in Google Scholar

Shiki, T., Misawa, Y., Konda, I., and Nishimura, A. (1977) Geology and geohistory of the Northwestern Philippine Sea, with special reference to the results of the recent Japanese research cruises. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Series of Geology and Mineralogy, 44, 67–78. Search in Google Scholar

Takazawa, E., Frey, F., Shimizu, N., and Obata, M. (1996) Evolution of the Horoman Peridotite (Hokkaido, Japan): Implications from pyroxene compositions. Chemical Geology, 134, 3–26. Search in Google Scholar

Taylor, R.N., Nesbitt, R.W., Vidal, P., Harmon, R.S., Auvray, B., and Croudace, I.W. (1994) Mineralogy, chemistry, and genesis of the Boninite series volcanics, Chichijima, Bonin Islands, Japan. Journal of Petrology, 35, 577–617, 10.1093/petrology/35.3.577. Search in Google Scholar

Tokuyama, H. (1995) Origin and development of Philippine Sea. In H. Tokuyama et al., Eds., Geology and Geophysics of the Philippine Sea—Japan-Russia-China Monograph, p. 155–163. Terra Scientific Publishing Company. Search in Google Scholar

Tokuyama, H., Yusa, M., and Mizuno, A. (1980) Conglomerate and sandstone petrography, Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 445, Philippine Sea. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 58, 629–641. Search in Google Scholar

Uyeda, S., and Ben Avraham, Z. (1972) Origin and development of the Philippine Sea. Nature, 40, 176–178. Search in Google Scholar

Vernières, J., Godard, M., and Bodinier, J.-L. (1997) A plate model for the simulation of trace element fractionation during partial melting and magma transport in the Earth’s upper mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 24,771–24,784. Search in Google Scholar

Walter, M.J. (1998) Melting of garnet peridotite and the origin of komatiite and depleted lithosphere. Journal of Petrology, 39, 29–60. Search in Google Scholar

Warren, J.M. (2016) Global variations in abyssal peridotite compositions. Lithos, 248-251, 193–219. Search in Google Scholar

Workman, R.K., and Hart, S.R. (2005) Major and trace element compositions of the depleted MORB mantle (DMM). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 231, 53–72. Search in Google Scholar

Wu, J., Suppe, J., Lu, R., and Kanda, R. (2016) Philippine Sea and East Asian plate tectonics since 52 Ma constrained by new subducted slab reconstruction methods. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 4670–4741. Search in Google Scholar

Yuasa, M., and Watanabe, T. (1977) Pre-Cenozoic metamorphic rocks from the Daito ridge in the Northern Philippine Sea. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 72, 241–251. Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-11-28
Accepted: 2018-04-04
Published Online: 2018-07-02
Published in Print: 2018-07-26

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston