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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 20, 2020

Characterization of modified mineral waste material adsorbent as affected by thermal treatment for optimizing its adsorption of lead and methyl orange

  • Lingcheng Su , Jiajun Chen , Huada Ruan , Dongqi Chen , Xi Chen and Chiuhong Lee
From the journal American Mineralogist


Thermal treatment is one of the most common processes in mineral modification, and this process has been applied to the modification of mineral waste material to improve its adsorption ability of methyl orange (MO) and lead (Pb) in this study. The properties of modified mineral waste material (MMWM) before and after thermal modification were characterized by using the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) N2 adsorption/desorption measurement, field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) coupled with energy-dispersive X‑ray (EDX), X‑ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Phase transformation was investigated related to the change in surface morphology and dehydroxylation that occurred in MMWM samples during the process of thermal treatment. To study adsorption performances of Pb and MO onto the newly modified MMWM, several experiments were carried out under different adsorption conditions and the results were determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The thermally treated MMWM samples showed morphological transformation and an increasing trend in BET specific surface area (SSA) up to 500 °C followed by a decreasing trend till 1000 °C. Thermal modification of MMWM successfully improved Pb adsorption from 349 to 515 mg/g, corresponding to the MMWM modified at 600 °C, and the methyl orange (MO) adsorption from 68 to 87.6 mg/g at 400 °C. The adsorptions of Pb and MO were mainly chemisorption and monolayer coverage, as the pseudo-second-order model and the Langmuir equation displayed good correlations for Pb and MO adsorption data.

  1. Funding

    This research was financially supported by the Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong University United International College (UIC), under the Research Project R201710 and the Zhuhai Key Laboratory Research Fund R1053. The XRD and FESEM used in this work was supported by the Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM) with funding from the Special Equipment Grant from the University Grants Committee of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (SEG_HKBU06).

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Received: 2019-07-25
Accepted: 2020-02-22
Published Online: 2020-09-20
Published in Print: 2020-09-25

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