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Publicly Available Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2004

Ocean Shipping Cartels: A Survey

  • William Sjostrom

Liner shipping has been characterized by collusive agreements, called shipping conferences, since its founding in the mid-nineteenth century. This article surveys the competing models of shipping conferences, including monopolizing cartels and destructive competition models, and reviews a variety of their practices to see how much light they can shed on the profitability and efficiency of conferences.

Published Online: 2004-6-1

©2011 Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin/Boston

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