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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access April 24, 2014

Non-volant modes of migration in terrestrial arthropods

  • Don R. Reynolds EMAIL logo , Andrew M. Reynolds and Jason W. Chapman
From the journal Animal Migration


Animal migration is often defined in terms appropriate only to the ‘to-and-fro’ movements of large, charismatic (and often vertebrate) species. However, like other important biological processes, the definition should apply over as broad a taxonomic range as possible in order to be intellectually satisfying. Here we illustrate the process of migration in insects and other terrestrial arthropods (e.g. arachnids, myriapods, and non-insect hexapods) but provide a different perspective by excluding the ‘typical’ mode of migration in insects, i.e. flapping flight. Instead, we review non-volant migratory movements, including: aerial migration by wingless species, pedestrian and waterborne migration, and phoresy. This reveals some fascinating and sometimes bizarre morphological and behavioural adaptations to facilitate movement. We also outline some innovative modelling approaches exploring the interactions between atmospheric transport processes and biological factors affecting the ‘dispersal kernels’ of wingless arthropods


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Received: 2013-11-18
Accepted: 2013-12-16
Published Online: 2014-04-24
Published in Print: 2015-01-01

© 2014 Don R. Reynolds et al.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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