Domain decomposition methods are used for the approximate solution of boundary-value problems for partial differential equations on parallel computing systems. Specific features of unsteady problems are fully taken into account in iteration-free domain decomposition schemes. Regionally-additive schemes are based on various classes of splitting schemes. In this paper we highlight a class of domain decomposition schemes which are based on the partition of the initial domain into subdomains with common boundary nodes. Using a partition of unity we construct and analyze unconditionally stable schemes for domain decomposition based on a two-component splitting: the problem within each subdomain and the problem at their boundaries. As an example we consider a Cauchy problem of first or second order in time with a non-negative self-adjoint second order operator in space. The theoretical discussion is supplemented with the numerical solution of a model problem for a two-dimensional parabolic equation.
© Institute of Mathematics, NAS of Belarus
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