Formamide colloidal suspensions of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with anionic dye, meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine (TPPS) were prepared. Optical properties of these suspensions were investigated by means of absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies in the visible region. For more detailed characterization, second derivative curves of the spectra were calculated. The adsorption of the dye on LDH nanosheets led to partial molecular aggregation, reflected in significant changes of the dye optical properties. The Soret band in the absorption spectra was split into two peaks and decreased in intensity. Changes were observed also for the Q-bands. The molecular aggregation significantly quenched the emission of the dye. The low intensity emission from dye H-aggregates was identified at slightly longer wavelengths. The molecular aggregation increased with the dye/LDH ratio. At low dye loadings, the optical properties were very similar to the dye solution. The yields of the dye molecular aggregation increased with LDH surface charge.
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