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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access June 17, 2010

Formation and study of mixed copper sulfide-copper telluride layers on the surface of polyamide 6

Vitalijus Janickis and Skirma Žalenkienė
From the journal Open Chemistry

Abstract

The layers of mixed copper chalcogenides, CuxS-CuyTe, were formed on the surface of polyamide using solutions of potassium and sodium telluropentathionates, K2TeS4O6 and Na2TeS4O6, respectively, and of telluropentathionic acid, H2TeS4O6, as precursors of chalcogens. The concentration of sorbed chalcogens increased with the increasing time of the treatment, concentration and temperature of precursor solution. CuxS-CuyTe layers are formed on the surface of polyamide after the treatment of chalcogenized polymer with Cu(II/I) salt solution. The concentration of copper in the layer increases with the increase of chalcogenization duration, concentration and the temperature of chalcogenization solution. In the surface of CuxS-CuyTe layers various copper, sulfur, tellurium and oxygen compounds (Cu2S, CuS, S8, CuxS, CuyTe, Cu(OH)2 and TeO2) were present. Chalcogenides were the major components in the layer. Chalcogenide phases — digenite, Cu1.8S, djurleite, Cu1.9375S, anilite, Cu7S4, geerite, CuS2, chalcocite, Cu2S, tetragonal Cu3.18Te2, Cu2.72Te, hexagonal Cu2Te, Cu4Te3, Cu1.80Te, Cu1.85Te2, and orthorhombic vulcanite, CuTe were identified in the layers by X-ray diffraction. Electrical sheet resistance of CuxS-CuyTe layers vary from ∼ 1.0 kW cm−2 to 4×103 kΩ cm−2. It is concluded that the formation of chalcogenide layers proceeds in the form of islands which grow into larger agglomerates. Use of the gathered data enables design and formation of the CuxS-CuyTe layers with desired conductivities.

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Published Online: 2010-6-17
Published in Print: 2010-8-1

© 2010 Versita Warsaw

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