Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access July 24, 2011

The effect of aluminium oxide on the reduction of cobalt oxide and thermostabillity of cobalt and cobalt oxide

Zofia Lendzion-Bieluń, Roman Jędrzejewski and Walerian Arabczyk
From the journal Open Chemistry


During precipitation and calcination at 200°C nanocrystalline Co3O4 was obtained with average size crystallites of 13 nm and a well developed specific surface area of 44 m2 g−1. A small addition of a structural promoter, e.g. Al2O3, increases the specific surface area of the cobalt oxide (54 m2 g−1) and decreases the average size of crystallites (7 nm). Al2O3 inhibits the reduction process of Co3O4 by hydrogen. Reduction of cobalt oxide with aluminium oxide addition runs by equilibrium state at all the respective temperatures. The apparent activation energy of the recrystallization process of the nanocrystalline cobalt promoted by the aluminium oxide is 85 kJ mol−1. Aluminium oxide improves the thermostability of both cobalt oxide and the cobalt obtained as a result of oxide phase reduction.

[1] S. Weichel, P.J. Moller, Surf. Sci. 399, 219 (1998) in Google Scholar

[2] F. Svegl, B. Orel, M.G. Hutchins, K. Kalcher, J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 1532 (1996) in Google Scholar

[3] M. Ando, T. Kobayashi, S. Iijima, M. Haruta, J. Mater. Chem. 9, 1779 (1997) in Google Scholar

[4] A.M. Morales, C.M. Lieber, Science 279, 208 (1998) in Google Scholar

[5] C.A. Mirkin, Science 286, 2095 (1999) in Google Scholar

[6] Y. Jang, H. Wang, Y. Chiang, J. Mater. Chem. 8, 2761 (1998) in Google Scholar

[7] S. Sakamato, M. Yoshinaka, K. Hirota, O. Yamaguchi, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 80, 267 (1997) in Google Scholar

[8] B.B. Lakshmi, C.J. Patrissi, C.R. Martin, Chem. Mater. 9, 2544 (1997) DOI:10.1021/cm970268y in Google Scholar

[9] U. Morales, A. Camper, O. Solrzaferia, J. New Mater. Electrochem. System 89, 89 (1999) 10.2307/3392127Search in Google Scholar

[10] M. Sato, H. Hara, H. Kuritani, T. Nishide, Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 45, 43 (1997) in Google Scholar

[11] R. Vijaya Kumar, Y. Diamant, A. Gedanken, Chem. Mater. 12, 2301 (2000) DOI:10.1021/cm000166z in Google Scholar

[12] J.-H. Smatt, C. Weidenthaler, J.B. Rosenholm, M. Linden, Chem. Mater. 18, 1443–1450 (2006) DOI: 10.1021/cm051880p in Google Scholar

[13] G. Binotto, D. Larcher, A.S. Prakash, R.H. Urbina, M.S. Hegde, J.-M. Tarascon, Chem. Mater. 19, 3032 (2007) DOI: 10.1021/cm070048c in Google Scholar

[14] E. Iglesia, Applied Catal. A. 161, 59 (1997) in Google Scholar

[15] A.Y. Khodakow, W. Chu, P. Fongarland, Chem. Rev. 107, 1692 (2001) in Google Scholar

[16] X. Gao, C.J. Huang, N.W. Zhang, J.H. Li, W.Z. Wenig, H.L. Wan, Catal. Today 131, 211 (2008) in Google Scholar

[17] D. Potoczna-Petru, L. Kępiński, Catal. Lette. 73, 1 (2001) in Google Scholar

[18] R. Bechara, D. Balloy, J.-Y. Dauphin, J. Grimblot, Chem. Mater. 11, 1703 (1999) DOI: 10.1021/cm981015n in Google Scholar

[19] Z. Lendzion-Bieluń, M. Podsiadły, U. Narkiewicz, W. Arabczyk, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. 12, 145 (2006) in Google Scholar

[20] C.H. Bartholomew, Stud. Surf. Sci. Cat. 88, 1 (1994) in Google Scholar

[21] J. Sehested, J.A.P. Gelten, S. Helveg, Appl. Catal. A 309, 237 (2006) in Google Scholar

[22] L. Diandra, M. Leslie-Pelecky, T. Bonder, E. Martin, M. Kirkpatrick, Y. Liu, X.Q. Zhang, D.R. Rieke, Chem. Mater. 10, 3732 (1998) DOI:10.1021/cm980530i in Google Scholar

[23] Y. Ji, Z. Zhao, A. Duan, G. Jiang, J. Liu, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 7186 (2009) DOI: 10.1021/jp8107057 in Google Scholar

[24] W. Arabczyk, U. Narkiewicz, D. Moszyński, Langmuir, 15(18) 5785 (1999) in Google Scholar

[25] W. Arabczyk, I. Jasińska, K. Lubkowski, Reac. Kinet. and Catal. Lett. 83(2), 385 (2004) in Google Scholar

[26] W. Arabczyk, I. Jasińska, (2004), 13th Internat. Congress on Catalysis, 11–16 July 2004 a, Paris, France, (Congress Abstract book, France, 2004) 1–381 Search in Google Scholar

[27] W. Arabczyk, I. Jasińska, Z. Lendzion-Bieluń, Catal. Today (2010) DOI:10.1016/j.cattod.2010.09.016 10.1016/j.cattod.2010.09.016Search in Google Scholar

[28] J.P. Bournonville, G. Martino, Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 6, 159 (1980) in Google Scholar

[29] C.H. Bartholomew, W. Sorenson, J. Catal. 81, 131 (1983) in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2011-7-24
Published in Print: 2011-10-1

© 2011 Versita Warsaw

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Scroll Up Arrow