Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access July 19, 2013

Voltammetric behavior of rutin at a boron-doped diamond electrode. Its electroanalytical determination in a pharmaceutical formulation

  • Pınar Pınar EMAIL logo , Yavuz Yardım and Zühre Şentürk
From the journal Open Chemistry

Abstract

This paper examined for the first time, the possibilities of the usage of a boron-doped diamond electrode for the redox behavior of rutin using cyclic and adsorptive stripping voltammetry. The cyclic voltammograms showed a pair of redox peaks at lower potentials followed by an irreversible oxidation peak at higher positive potential. Using square-wave adsorptive stripping voltammetry, the compound yielded a well-defined voltammetric response in Britton-Robinson buffer, pH 4.0 at +0.48 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) (after 60 s accumulations at a fixed potential of 0.2 V). The calibration curve was linear in the concentration range from 0.01 µg mL−1 to 0.1 µg mL−1 (1.64×10−8 M − 1.64×10−7 M). A detection limit of 0.0017 µg mL−1 (2.78×10−9 M) was observed without any chemical modifications and electrochemical surface pretreatments. As an example, the practical applicability of boron-doped diamond electrode was tested with the measurement of rutin in dietary supplement products.

[1] M.G.L Hertog, E.J.M. Feskens, P.C.H. Hollman, M.B. Katan, D. Kromhout, Lancet 342, 1007 (1993) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(93)92876-U10.1016/0140-6736(93)92876-USearch in Google Scholar

[2] G.G Duthie, S. J. Duthie, J.A. Kyle, Nutr. Res. Rev. 13, 79 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/09544220010872901610.1079/095442200108729016Search in Google Scholar

[3] P.W.B de Araújo, L.J. Quintans Júnior, H.D. de Vasconcelos, J.R.G.S. Almeida, Rev. Bras. Hypertens.12, 188 (2005) Search in Google Scholar

[4] A.A. Elzaawely, T.D. Xuan, S. Tawata, Food Chem. 103, 486 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.08.02510.1016/j.foodchem.2006.08.025Search in Google Scholar

[5] A, Ghasemzadeh, N. Ghasemzadeh, J. Med. Plants Res. 5, 6697 (2011) 10.5897/JMPR11.1404Search in Google Scholar

[6] I. Ignat, I. Volf, V.I. Popa, Food Chem. 126, 1821 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.12.02610.1016/j.foodchem.2010.12.026Search in Google Scholar

[7] R. Ramanathan, W.P. Das, C.H. Tan, Int. J. Oncol. 3, 115 (1993) Search in Google Scholar

[8] A. Hasan, I. Ahmad, Fitoterapia 67, 182 (1996) Search in Google Scholar

[9] R.M. Gene, C. Cartana, T. Adzet, E. Marin, T. Parella, S. Canigueral, Planta Med. 62, 232 (1996) http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-95786610.1055/s-2006-957866Search in Google Scholar

[10] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51 (2000) Search in Google Scholar

[11] T. Guardia, A.E. Rotelli, A.O. Juarez, L.E. Pelzer, Farmaco 56, 683 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-827X(01)01111-910.1016/S0014-827X(01)01111-9Search in Google Scholar

[12] M. Nassiri-Asl, S. Shariati-Rad, F. Zamansoltani, Prog Neuro-Psychoph. 32, 989 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2008.01.01110.1016/j.pnpbp.2008.01.011Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[13] I. Erlund, T. Kosonen, G. Alfihan, J. Maenpaa, K. Perttunen, J. Kenraali, J. Parantainen, A. Aro, Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol. 56, 545 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00228000019710.1007/s002280000197Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[14] X. J. Wang, Y.X. Jin, J.Y. Ying, S. Zeng, T.W. Yao, J. Chromatogr. B 833, 231 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2006.02.01210.1016/j.jchromb.2006.02.012Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[15] Y. Zu, C. Li, Y. Fu, C. Zhao, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 41, 714 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2005.04.05210.1016/j.jpba.2005.04.052Search in Google Scholar

[16] V. Kuntić, N. Pejić, B. Ivković, Z. Vujić, K. Ilić, S. Mićić, V. Vukojević, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 43, 718 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2006.07.01910.1016/j.jpba.2006.07.019Search in Google Scholar

[17] N.A. Santagati, L. Salerno, G. Attaguile, F. Savoca, G. Ronsisvalle. J. Chromatogr. Sci. 46, 150 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/46.2.15010.1093/chromsci/46.2.150Search in Google Scholar

[18] E. Porgalı, E. Büyüktuncel, Food Res. Int. 45, 145 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2011.10.02510.1016/j.foodres.2011.10.025Search in Google Scholar

[19] G. Chen, H. Zhang, J. Ye, Anal. Chim. Acta. 423, 69 (2000) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(00)01099-010.1016/S0003-2670(00)01099-0Search in Google Scholar

[20] Q. Wang, F. Ding, H. Li, P. He, Y. Fang, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 30, 1507 (2003) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0731-7085(02)00540-X10.1016/S0731-7085(02)00540-XSearch in Google Scholar

[21] Q. Lu, C. Ba, D. Chen, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 47, 888 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.03.00710.1016/j.jpba.2008.03.007Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[22] A. Diniz, L. Escuder-Gilabert, N.P. Lopes, R.M. Villanueva-Camanas, S. Sagrado, M.J. Medina-Hernandez, Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 391, 625 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-008-2046-410.1007/s00216-008-2046-4Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[23] C.H. Geng, M. Lin, W.Y. Wang, J.N. Ye, J. Anal. Chem. 63, 75 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S106193480801014010.1134/S1061934808010140Search in Google Scholar

[24] J.X. Du, Y.H. Li, J.R. Lu, Anal. Lett. 34, 1741 (2001) http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/AL-10010535710.1081/AL-100105357Search in Google Scholar

[25] Z.H. Song S. Hou, Talanta 57, 59 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(02)00006-110.1016/S0039-9140(02)00006-1Search in Google Scholar

[26] S.Q. Han, Anal. Sci. 21, 1371 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.2116/analsci.21.137110.2116/analsci.21.1371Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[27] H. Yao, X. Yang, H. Li, Anal. Lett. 39, 2007 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0003271060072393210.1080/00032710600723932Search in Google Scholar

[28] D. Yang, H. Li, Z. Li, Z. Hao, J. Li, Luminescence 25, 436 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bio.117210.1002/bio.1172Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[29] H. Wu, M. Chen, Y. Fan, F. Elsebaei, Y. Zhu, Talanta 88, 222 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2011.10.03610.1016/j.talanta.2011.10.036Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[30] A.H. Abou-Donia,, S.M. Toaima, H.M. Hammoda, E. Shawky, Chromatographia 64, 109 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0822-x10.1365/s10337-006-0822-xSearch in Google Scholar

[31] H. Filik, M. Dogutan, E. Tutem, R. Apak, Anal. Sci. 18, 955 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.2116/analsci.18.95510.2116/analsci.18.955Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[32] N.A. El-Maali, Bioelectrochem. 64, 99 (2004) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioelechem.2004.03.00310.1016/j.bioelechem.2004.03.003Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[33] J. Zima, I. Svancara, J. Barek, K. Vytras, Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 39, 204 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040834090301185310.1080/10408340903011853Search in Google Scholar

[34] A.A. Ensafi, R. Hajian, Electroanal. 18, 579 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elan.20050343310.1002/elan.200503433Search in Google Scholar

[35] J.G. da Silva, M.R.L. e Silva, A.C. de Oliveira, J.R. SouzaDe, C.M.P. Vaz, C.S.P. de Castro, J. Food Compos. Anal. 25, 1 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2011.04.01310.1016/j.jfca.2011.04.013Search in Google Scholar

[36] J.W. Kang, X.Q. Lu, H.J. Zeng, H.D. Liu, B.Q. Lu, Anal. Lett. 35, 677 (2002) http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/AL-12000316910.1081/AL-120003169Search in Google Scholar

[37] M.-E. Ghica, A. M. Oliveira Brett, Electroanal. 17, 313 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elan.20040310010.1002/elan.200403100Search in Google Scholar

[38] N.E Zoulis, C.E. Efstathiou, Anal. Chim. Acta 320, 255 (1996) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(95)00536-610.1016/0003-2670(95)00536-6Search in Google Scholar

[39] A. de Oliveira-Roberth, D.I.V. Santos, D.D. Cordeiro, F.M. de A. Lino, M.T.F. Bara, E. de S. Gil, Cent. Eur. J. Chem. 10, 1609 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11532-012-0093-310.2478/s11532-012-0093-3Search in Google Scholar

[40] W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zhu, X. Sun, F. Shi, G. Li, Z. Sun, Sens. Actuators B 178, 443 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2012.12.11810.1016/j.snb.2012.12.118Search in Google Scholar

[41] M. Liu, J. Deng, Q. Chen, Y. Huang, L. Wang, Y. Zhao, Y. Zhang, H. Li, S. Yao, Biosens. Bioelectron. 41, 275 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2012.08.04010.1016/j.bios.2012.08.040Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[42] S. Hu, H. Zhu, S. Liu, J. Xiang, W. Sun, L, Zhang, Microchim. Acta 178, 211 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-012-0811-810.1007/s00604-012-0811-8Search in Google Scholar

[43] K.H.G. Freitas, O. Fatibello-Filho, I.L. Mattos, Brazilian J. Pharm. Sci. 48, 639 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-8250201200040000710.1590/S1984-82502012000400007Search in Google Scholar

[44] X. Wang, C. Cheng, R. Dong, J. Hao, J. Solid State Electr. 16, 2815 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10008-012-1711-x10.1007/s10008-012-1711-xSearch in Google Scholar

[45] H. Yin, Y. Zhou, L. Cui, T. Liu, P. Ju, L. Zhu, S. Ai, Microchim. Acta 173, 337 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-011-0568-510.1007/s00604-011-0568-5Search in Google Scholar

[46] S. Yang, L. Qu, G. Li, R. Yang, C. Liu, J. Electroanal. Chem. 645, 115 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2010.04.01910.1016/j.jelechem.2010.04.019Search in Google Scholar

[47] K. Tyszczuk, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 49, 558 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.11.02210.1016/j.jpba.2008.11.022Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[48] K.H.G. Freitas, R.A. Medeiros, O. Fatibello-Filho, Anal. Lett. 42, 881 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0003271090272208710.1080/00032710902722087Search in Google Scholar

[49] Y. Zhang, J. Zheng, Talanta 77, 325 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2008.06.03210.1016/j.talanta.2008.06.032Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[50] W. Sun, M. Yang, Y. Li, Q. Jiang, S. Liu, K. Jiao, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 48, 1326 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.09.01410.1016/j.jpba.2008.09.014Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[51] S-H. Wu, J-J. Sun, D-F. Zhang, Z-B. Lin, F-H. Nie, H-Y. Qiu, G-N. Chen, Electrochim. Acta 53, 6596 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2008.04.05310.1016/j.electacta.2008.04.053Search in Google Scholar

[52] Y. Wei, G. Wang, M. Li, C. Wang, B. Fang, Microchim. Acta 158, 269 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00604-006-0716-510.1007/s00604-006-0716-5Search in Google Scholar

[53] B. Zeng, S. Wei, F. Xiao, F. Zhao, Sens. Actuat. B-Chem. 115, 240 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2005.09.00710.1016/j.snb.2005.09.007Search in Google Scholar

[54] A.R. Malagutti, V.G. Zuin, E.T.G. Cavalheiro, L.H. Mazo, Electroanal. 18, 1028 (2006) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elan.20060349610.1002/elan.200603496Search in Google Scholar

[55] X. Chen, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, Y. Li, Y. Xia, Chem. Pharm. Bull. 58, 475 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/cpb.58.47510.1248/cpb.58.475Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[56] X. Liu, L. Li, X. Zhao, X. Lu, Colloid. Surface. B 81, 344 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2010.07.02810.1016/j.colsurfb.2010.07.028Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[57] P. Deng, Z. Xu, J. Li, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 76, 234 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2012.12.03210.1016/j.jpba.2012.12.032Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[58] M. Panizza, G. Cerisola, Electrochim. Acta 51, 191 (2005) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2005.04.02310.1016/j.electacta.2005.04.023Search in Google Scholar

[59] Y. Altun, B.D. Topal, B. Uslu, S.A. Ozkan, Electrochim. Acta 54, 1893 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2008.10.01010.1016/j.electacta.2008.10.010Search in Google Scholar

[60] K. Pecková, J. Musilová, J. Barek, Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 39, 148 (2009) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040834090301181210.1080/10408340903011812Search in Google Scholar

[61] Y. Yardım, A. Levent, E. Keskin, Z. Şentürk, Talanta 85, 441 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2011.04.00510.1016/j.talanta.2011.04.005Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[62] Y. Yardım, Electroanal. 23, 2491 (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elan.20110027510.1002/elan.201100275Search in Google Scholar

[63] Y. Yardım, J. Food Sci. 77, 408 (2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02609.x10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02609.xSearch in Google Scholar PubMed

[64] A.C. Franzoi, A. Spinelli, I.C. Vieira, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal. 47, 973 (2008) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2008.03.03110.1016/j.jpba.2008.03.031Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[65] J.B. He, Y. Wang, N. Deng, Z.G. Zha, X. Lin, Electrochim. Acta 52, 6665 (2007) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2007.04.07510.1016/j.electacta.2007.04.075Search in Google Scholar

[66] L. Svorc, J. Sochr, J. Svitkova, M. Rievaj, D. Bustin, Electrochim. Acta 87, 503 (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.09.11110.1016/j.electacta.2012.09.111Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2013-7-19
Published in Print: 2013-10-1

© 2013 Versita Warsaw

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Downloaded on 28.2.2024 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.2478/s11532-013-0292-6/html
Scroll to top button