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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access December 21, 2013

Crystallographic and structural characterization of heterometallic platinum complexes Part V. Heteropentanuclear complexes

Milan Melník, Peter Mikuš and Clive Holloway
From the journal Open Chemistry

Abstract

This review classifies and analyzes over eighty heteropentanuclear Pt complexes. There are eight types of metal combinations: Pt4M, Pt3M2, Pt2M3, PtM4, Pt3MM′, Pt2M2M′, PtM2M′2 and PtM3M′. The five metal atoms are in a wide variety of arrangements: trigonal-bipyramidal (most common), square-pyramidal, spike-triangular, butterfly, cubane, linear and one unique. Platinum bonds to a variety of triad partner metal atoms, soft, through borderline to hard. The shortest Pt-M bond distances for non-transition and transition M are 2.406(4) Å (M = Ge) and 2.30(1) Å (M = Co). The shortest Pt-Pt bond distance is 2.580(1) Å. Several relationships between the structural parameters were found and are discussed. Several complexes exist in two isomeric forms and others contain two crystallographically independent molecules. Both the isomers as well as independent molecules are examples of distortion isomerism.

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Published Online: 2013-12-21
Published in Print: 2014-3-1

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