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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access December 21, 2013

Agglomeration of ZnS nanoparticles without capping additives at different temperatures

Petr Praus, Richard Dvorský, Petr Kovář and Ladislav Svoboda
From the journal Open Chemistry

Abstract

ZnS nanoparticles were precipitated in diluted aqueous solutions of zinc and sulphide ions without capping additives at a temperature interval of 0.5–20°C. ZnS nanoparticles were arranged in large flocs that were disaggregated into smaller agglomerates with hydrodynamic sizes of 70–150 nm depending on temperature. A linear relationship between hydrodynamic radius (R a) and temperature (T) was theoretically derived as R a =652 - 2.11 T.

The radii of 1.9–2.2 nm of individual ZnS nanoparticles were calculated on the basis of gap energies estimated from their UV absorption spectra. Low zeta potentials of these dispersions of −5.0 mV to −6.3 mV did not depend on temperature. Interactions between individual ZnS nanoparticles were modelled in the Material Studio environment. Water molecules were found to stabilize ZnS nanoparticles via electrostatic interactions.

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Published Online: 2013-12-21
Published in Print: 2014-3-1

© 2014 Versita Warsaw

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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