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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access July 22, 2010

Alternative method for the measurement of the temperature of a Bose-Einstein condensate

Abel Camacho, Luis Barragán-Gil and Alfredo Macías
From the journal Open Physics

Abstract

Usually the temperature in a Bose-Einstein condensate is experimentally deduced resorting to the comparison between the Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution function and the density profile in momentum space. Though a successful method it is merely an approximation, since it also implies the use of classical statistical mechanics at temperatures close to the condensation temperature where quantum effects play a relevant role and cannot be neglected. The present work puts forward an alternative method in which we use an ultra-intense light pulse and a nonlinear optical material as detectors for differences in times-of-flight, and in this way the temperature is deduced.

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Published Online: 2010-7-22
Published in Print: 2010-10-1

© 2010 Versita Warsaw

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