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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access April 3, 2012

Regional differences of proliferation activity in the spinal cord ependyma of adult rats

Juraj Blasko, Marcela Martoncikova, Kamila Lievajova, Kamila Saganova, Andrea Korimova and Eniko Racekova
From the journal Open Life Sciences

Abstract

Increased proliferation activity in the central canal ependyma of adult rodent spinal cord was described after injury and is thought to participate in recovery processes. Proliferation activity is scarce under physiological conditions, but still could be of importance, as in vitro studies showed that the spinal cord ependyma is an internal source of neural stem cells. Data from these studies indicate that there are regional differences in the distribution of proliferation activity along the rostro-caudal axis. We analyzed the proliferation activities in the ependyma within the entire extent of intact adult rat spinal cord. To identify proliferating cells we performed immunohistochemistry either for cell cycle S-phase marker BrdU or for the nuclear protein Ki-67. BrdU and Ki-67 positive cells were counted on sections selected from four spinal cord regions — cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral/coccygeal. Analysis showed that the number of BrdU positive cells within the ependyma was very low in all subdivisions of the spinal cord. Both BrdU and Ki-67 labeling revealed a significantly higher number of proliferating cells in the ependyma of sacrococcygeal part in comparison to all other spinal cord regions, suggesting that the caudal spinal cord might have potentially higher regeneration capacity compared to more rostral parts.

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Published Online: 2012-4-3
Published in Print: 2012-6-1

© 2012 Versita Warsaw

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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