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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access October 18, 2013

Protein synthesis in crustaceans: a review focused on feeding and nutrition

  • Chris Carter EMAIL logo and Elena Mente
From the journal Open Life Sciences


This review aimed to place crustacean research on in vivo protein synthesis into a broader context, assess its potential for providing further insights into crustacean nutrition and physiology, and recommend future directions relevant to crustacean aquaculture. In crustaceans the flooding dose measurement of protein synthesis is the only method that has been used, it is relatively complex, time consuming and uses radioactive labels. Protein synthesis provides a subtle approach to assessing imbalances and deficiencies in dietary amino acid and energy. In addition, the calculation of protein synthesis retention efficiency (SRE) is recommended in order to understand and optimize parameters such as feeding regime and diet composition. For prawns, SRE was highest at optimum dietary protein content and quality. Similarly the most efficient feeding regimes in juvenile lobsters were demonstrated by the highest efficiency of retaining synthesized protein. Understanding how various abiotic and biotic factors influence protein synthesis has great potential for improving different aspects of crustacean aquaculture but very few studies have done this; better knowledge of how abiotic and biotic factors affect crustacean protein synthesis will contribute to optimising growth of crustaceans in culture.

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Published Online: 2013-10-18
Published in Print: 2014-1-1

© 2013 Versita Warsaw

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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